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Princess Elisabeth of Saxony

Princess Elisabeth of Saxony

Saxon princess
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Saxon princess
A.K.A. Maria Elisabeth Maximiliana von Sachsen
Countries Germany
Occupations Aristocrat
Gender female
Birth 4 February 1830 (Dresden)
Death 14 August 1912 (Stresa)
Star sign Aquarius
Family
Mother: Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
Father: John of Saxony
Siblings: Albert of SaxonyGeorge BryanchaninovPrincess Anna of Saxony (1929–2012)Princess Margaretha of SaxonyPrincess Sophie of SaxonySidonie of Saxony
Spouse: Prince Ferdinando, Duke of Genoa
Children: Margherita of SavoyPrince Thomas, Duke of Genoa
The details
Biography

Elisabeth of Saxony (German: Prinzessin Elisabeth von Sachsen, Herzogin zu Sachsen; 4 February 1830 – 14 August 1912) was a Princess of Saxony who married the second son of the King of Sardinia. She was the mother of Margherita, Queen of Italy.

Early life and family

She was born in Dresden, capital of Saxony, as daughter of King John of Saxony and his wife Amalie Auguste of Bavaria. Her paternal grandparents were Prince Maximilian of Saxony and Carolina of Parma. Her maternal grandparents were King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Karoline of Baden.

Marriages and issue

On 22 April 1850, she married, in Dresden Cathedral, Prince Ferdinand, 1st Duke of Genoa, second son of King Charles Albert of Sardinia and Maria Theresa of Austria and Tuscany. Their marriage was a dynastic arrangement, and it was generally held to be loveless.

The couple had two children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Margherita Maria Teresa Giovanna Palazzo Chiablese, 20 November 1851 Bordighera, 4 January 1926 married Umberto I of Italy; had issue.
Tommaso Alberto Vittorio, 2nd Duke of Genoa Palazzo Chiablese, 6 February 1854 Turin, 15 April 1931 married Princess Isabella of Bavaria; had issue.

On 10 February 1855 her husband died in Turin, leaving Elizabeth a widow at the age of 25.

Before her second year of widowhood had ended, she remarried on 4 October 1856 with her chamberlain Niccolò, Marchese Rapallo. They married secretly, before her period of official mourning was over. This act so infuriated her brother-in-law Victor Emmanuel II of Italy that he ordered her into virtual exile and disallowed her from seeing her two children. They were later reunited however.

In 1882, her second husband committed suicide. Court gossip had often hinted that their marriage was unhappy, and his suicide added fuel to these stories. Elisabeth had no children from her second marriage.

Death

Elisabeth suffered an attack of apoplexy in 1910, which caused her health to quickly deteriorate. She died on 14 August 1912.

Titles and styles

  • 4 February 1830 – 22 April 1850: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony
  • 22 April 1850 – 10 February 1855: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Genoa, Princess and Duchess of Saxony
  • 10 February 1855 – 4 October 1856: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Genoa, Princess and Duchess of Saxony
  • 4 October 1856 – 27 November 1882: Her Royal Highness The Marchioness Rapallo, Princess and Duchess of Saxony
  • 27 November 1882 – 14 August 1912: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Marchioness Rapallo, Princess and Duchess of Saxony

Ancestry

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References
https://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9907E6DB113AE633A25756C1A96E9C946396D6CF&scp=6&sq=%22Duchess+of+Genoa%22&st=p
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