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Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia

Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia

Prussian princess
The basics
Gender female
Birth February 8, 1857 (Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany)
Death August 28, 1895 (Fulda, Fulda, Kassel Government Region, Hesse)
Mother: Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau
Father: Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia (1828–85)
Siblings: Prince Friedrich Leopold of PrussiaPrincess Louise Margaret of PrussiaPrincess Marie of Prussia
Spouse: Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Children: Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Oldenburg
The details

Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia (8 February 1857 – 28 August 1895) was a German princess. She was the second child of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia and Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau. The Elisabeth-Anna-Palais was named in her honor after her early death in 1895.


Elisabeth's father Prince Frederick was the eldest son of Prince Charles of Prussia, who in turn was a younger son of Frederick William III of Prussia. Elisabeth's mother Maria Anna was a daughter of Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt and Princess Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia.

Her siblings included Marie, Princess of Saxe-Altenburg, Louise Margaret, Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn, and Prince Friedrich Leopold of Prussia. Through her sister Louise Margaret, Elisabeth Anna was an aunt of Margaret, Crown Princess of Sweden, and consequently was related to both the British and Swedish royal families.

Elisabeth Anna was a godmother to Princess Patricia of Connaught, who was another one of her nieces.


On 18 February 1878, Elisabeth Anna married Frederick Augustus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg. It was a double wedding, in which Princess Charlotte of Prussia (daughter of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Prussia) married Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Meiningen on the same day as Elisabeth Anna in Berlin. The marriages were the first such occasions performed since Prussia had become the German Empire in 1870. Due to this increased status, the weddings were attended by many important personages, including King Leopold II of Belgium and his wife Queen Marie Henriette. The Prince of Wales also attended, as one of the brides (Charlotte) was his niece. Frederick Augustus was said to be pleased with his beautiful and charming bride, and their marriage was a harmonious one.

Elisabeth Anna and her husband had two daughters:

Name Birth Death Notes
Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Oldenburg 2 February 1879 29 March 1964 married Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia, a younger son of Wilhelm II of Germany.
Duchess Margaret of Oldenburg 13 October 1881 20 February 1882 died young.

Elisabeth died on 28 August 1895, before he succeeded as Grand Duke. Before her death, her husband had been building a new residential palace; once she died, Frederick named the new building the Elisabeth-Anna-Palais in her honor. Her husband later married Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, daughter of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 8 February 1857 - 18 February 1878: Her Royal Highness Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia
  • 18 February 1878 - 28 August 1895: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duchess of Oldenburg


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