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Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen

Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Princess of Saxe-Meiningen

Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Princess of Saxe-Meiningen
Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Princess of Saxe-Meiningen
A.K.A. Charlotte Amalie von Sachsen-Meiningen, Charlotte Amalie
Was Astronomer
From Germany
Type Science
Gender female
Birth 11 September 1751, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Death 25 April 1827, Genoa, Italy (aged 75 years)
Star sign VirgoVirgo
Family
Mother: Princess Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal
Father: Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Siblings: Amalia van Saksen-MeinigenPrincess Louise of Saxe-MeiningenKarl Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-MeiningenGeorge I
Spouse: Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Children: Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-AltenburgFrederick IV, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Ernst von Sachsen-Gotha-AltenburgLudwig von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg
The details

Biography

Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen (German: Marie Charlotte Amalie Ernestine Wilhelmine Philippine, Prinzessin von Sachsen-Meiningen) (11 September 1751, Frankfurt am Main, Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire – 25 April 1827, Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia) was a member of the House of Saxe-Meiningen and a Princess of Saxe-Meiningen by birth and a member of the House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg through her marriage to Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.

Family

Charlotte was the eldest child and daughter of Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and his second wife, Landgravine Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal. Charlotte was an elder sister of Charles William, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.

Marriage

Charlotte married Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (later Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg), son of Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and his wife Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen, on 21 March 1769 in Meiningen. Charlotte and Ernest had four children:

  1. Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 27 February 1770 – d. Gotha, 3 December 1779).
  2. Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 23 November 1772 – d. Gotha, 27 May 1822)
  3. Frederick IV, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 28 November 1774 – d. Gotha, 11 February 1825).
  4. Prince Ludwig of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 21 October 1777 – d. Gotha, 26 October 1777).

Charlotte's husband, Ernest, was regarded as an enlightened monarch and a great patron of art and science, who led his country into a cultural flowering. He was assisted in his cultural undertakings by his wife, Charlotte.

Like her husband, Charlotte was a patron of astronomy. She counted relief panels for the court astronomer Franz Xaver von Zach and she also participated in observations. Charlotte also participated in the First European Astronomy Congress in 1798 at the Seeberg Observatory and independently corresponded with the leading astronomers of her time.

Later life

After her husband's death in 1804, there were difficulties with Charlotte's son, Augustus, upon his succession. Charlotte left Gotha with Zach and spent some time in Eisenberg. Later she traveled with Zach throughout southern Europe and lived several years in Marseilles, and later in Genoa, where she died in 1827.

Titles and styles

  • 11 September 1751 – 21 March 1769: Her Serene Highness Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony
  • 21 March 1769 – 10 March 1772: Her Serene Highness The Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony
  • 10 March 1772 – 20 April 1804: Her Highness The Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony
  • 20 April 1804 – 25 April 1827: Her Highness The Dowager Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony

Ancestry

16. John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
16. John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
8. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
17. Princess Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
4. Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
18. John Philip, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
9. Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
19. Duchess Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
2. Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
20. Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
10. Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
21. Princess Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst
5. Duchess Elisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
22. Frederick, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg
11. Duchess Elizabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg
23. Princess Eleanore of Anhalt-Zerbst
1. Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen
24. William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
12. Philip, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
25. Margravine Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg
6. Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
26. Carl Otto, Count of Solms-Laubach
13. Countess Catherine of Solms-Laubach
27. Countess Amöna Elisabeth of Bentheim-Steinfurt
3. Landgravine Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal
28. John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
14. John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
29. Countess Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein
7. Princess Christine of Saxe-Eisenach
30. Margrave Karl Gustav of Baden-Durlach
15. Margravine Christine Juliane of Baden-Durlach
31. Duchess Anna Sophie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
16. John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
8. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
17. Princess Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
4. Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
18. John Philip, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
9. Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
19. Duchess Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
2. Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
20. Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
10. Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
21. Princess Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst
5. Duchess Elisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
22. Frederick, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg
11. Duchess Elizabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg
23. Princess Eleanore of Anhalt-Zerbst
1. Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen
24. William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
12. Philip, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
25. Margravine Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg
6. Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
26. Carl Otto, Count of Solms-Laubach
13. Countess Catherine of Solms-Laubach
27. Countess Amöna Elisabeth of Bentheim-Steinfurt
3. Landgravine Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal
28. John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
14. John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
29. Countess Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein
7. Princess Christine of Saxe-Eisenach
30. Margrave Karl Gustav of Baden-Durlach
15. Margravine Christine Juliane of Baden-Durlach
31. Duchess Anna Sophie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
8. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
17. Princess Dorothea Maria of Anhalt
4. Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
18. John Philip, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
9. Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
19. Duchess Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
2. Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
20. Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
10. Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
21. Princess Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst
5. Duchess Elisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
22. Frederick, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg
11. Duchess Elizabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg
23. Princess Eleanore of Anhalt-Zerbst
1. Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen
24. William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
12. Philip, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
25. Margravine Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg
6. Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
26. Carl Otto, Count of Solms-Laubach
13. Countess Catherine of Solms-Laubach
27. Countess Amöna Elisabeth of Bentheim-Steinfurt
3. Landgravine Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal
28. John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
14. John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
29. Countess Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein
7. Princess Christine of Saxe-Eisenach
30. Margrave Karl Gustav of Baden-Durlach
15. Margravine Christine Juliane of Baden-Durlach
31. Duchess Anna Sophie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://books.google.com/books?id=AINPAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA104
https://www.worldcat.org/search?fq=x0:jrnl&q=n2:0937-7743
https://www.worldcat.org/search?fq=x0:jrnl&q=n2:1612-0582
https://portal.dnb.de/opac.htm?method=simpleSearch&cqlMode=true&query=idn%3D124959571
https://web.archive.org/web/20070609232914/http://www.bibliothek.uni-erfurt.de/programm/ba_ernst2.html
https://d-nb.info/gnd/124959571
http://isni.org/isni/0000000015041228
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2018104787
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p26500876X
https://www.idref.fr/18422652X
https://viaf.org/viaf/74799365
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