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Princess Casimire of Anhalt-Dessau

Princess Casimire of Anhalt-Dessau

Countess Consort of Lippe-Detmold
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Countess Consort of Lippe-Detmold
A.K.A. Casimire of Anhalt-Dessau
Gender female
Birth 19 January 1749 (Dessau, Dessau-Roßlau, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany)
Death 8 November 1778 (Detmold, Lippe, Detmold Government Region, North Rhine-Westphalia)
Mother: Gisela Agnes of Anhalt-Köthen
Father: Leopold IIPrince of Anhalt-Dessau
Siblings: Leopold IIIDuke of Anhalt-DessauJohann Georg von Anhalt-DessauAlbert Friedrich von Anhalt-Dessau
Spouse: Simon AugustCount of Lippe-Detmold
Children: Kasimir August
The details

Casimire of Anhalt-Dessau (19 January 1749, Dessau – 8 November 1778, Detmold) was a princess of Anhalt-Dessau by birth and Countess of Lippe-Detmold by marriage.


Casimire was a daughter of Prince Leopold II Maximilian of Anhalt-Dessau (1700–1751) from his marriage to Gisela Agnes (1722–1751), daughter of Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Köthen. She had a particularly close relationship wirh her sisters Agnes and Marie Leopoldine, with whom she mostly lived together, even after her marriage, and with whom she conducted an extensive correspondence when they were not together.

She married on 9 November 1769 in Dessau Count Simon August of Lippe-Detmold (1727–1782), widower of her sister Marie Leopoldine, who had died in April that year. She was religiously tolerant and socially engaged. She was involved in a number of administrative issues and she planned reforms in Lippe, some of which she managed to implement. She had significant influence on her husband and became the mainstay of the reforms sought by Chancellor Hoffmann. Casimire was involved in care for the poor and health care and education. In 1775 she founded the "Patriotic Society" one of the oldest rural credit institutions in Germany.


From her marriage with Simon August, Casimire had a son:

  • Casimir August (1777–1809), Prince of Lippe-Detmold

References and sources

  • Eva Labouvie: Schwestern und Freundinnen: zur Kulturgeschichte weiblicher Kommunikation, Böhlau Verlag, Cologne / Weimar, 2009, p. 321 ff
  • Gottlob Friedrich Wilhelm Chapon: Leben und letzte Stunden der weiland Durchlauchtigsten Fürstinn Casimire, Regierenden Gräfinn und Edlen Frau zur Lippe, geb. Prinzessinn zu Anhalt, Lemgo, 1780, LLB Detmold

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