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Princess Augusta of Bavaria

Princess Augusta of Bavaria

German princess
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German princess
Gender female
Birth 21 June 1788 (Strasbourg, Unterelsaß, Alsace-Lorraine, German Empire)
Death 13 May 1851 (Munich, Upper Bavaria, Bavaria, Germany)
Family
Mother: Landgravine Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
Father: Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
Siblings: Ludwig I of BavariaPrince Karl Theodor of BavariaElisabeth Ludovika of BavariaPrincess Ludovika of BavariaPrincess Sophie of BavariaCaroline Augusta of BavariaMaria Anna of BavariaAmalie Auguste of Bavaria
Spouse: Eugène de Beauharnais
Children: Amélie of LeuchtenbergJosephine of LeuchtenbergAuguste de BeauharnaisMaximilian de Beauharnais3rd Duke of LeuchtenbergEugénie de BeauharnaisThéodolinde de Beauharnais
The details
Biography

Princess Augusta of Bavaria, Duchess of Leuchtenberg (German: Augusta Amalia Ludovika von Bayern) (Strasbourg, 21 June 1788 – Munich, 13 May 1851) was the second child and eldest daughter of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Marriage and issue

Although originally promised in marriage to the heir of Baden, Charles, the engagement was broken at the behest of Napoleon I of France. On 14 January 1806 in Munich, Augusta married Eugène de Beauharnais, only son of Josephine de Beauharnais and Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais and stepson of Napoleon. In return, Napoleon raised Bavaria from a state to a Kingdom. Although a diplomatic marriage, this union would turn out to be a happy one. In 1817, Augusta's father created his son-in-law Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstädt, with the style Royal Highness.

Augusta and Eugène had seven children:

  • Princess Joséphine Maximiliane Eugénie Napoléonne de Beauharnais (1807–1876); married Oscar I of Sweden, himself the son of Napoleon's old love, Désirée Clary.
  • Princess Eugénie Hortense Auguste de Beauharnais (1808–1847); married Friedrich, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen.
  • Prince Auguste Charles Eugène Napoléon de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg (1810–1835); married Maria II of Portugal. There was no issue from this marriage.
  • Princess Amélie Auguste Eugénie Napoléone de Beauharnais (31 July 1812 – 26 January 1873); married Pedro I of Brazil (father of Maria II of Portugal and Pedro II of Brazil) and became Empress of Brazil.
  • Princess Theodelinde Louise Eugénie Auguste Napoléone de Beauharnais (1814–1857); married Wilhelm, 1st Duke of Urach.
  • Princess Carolina Clotilde de Beauharnais (1816)
  • Prince Maximilian Josèphe Eugène Auguste Napoléon de Beauharnais (1817–1852); married Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaievna of Russia, eldest daughter of Nicholas I of Russia, and received the title of "Prince Romanovsky" with the style "Imperial Highness", in 1852.

Titles and styles

  • 21 June 1788 - 1 January 1806: Her Serene Highness Duchess Augusta of Bavaria
  • 1 - 14 January 1806: Her Royal Highness Princess Augusta of Bavaria
  • 14 January 1806 - 20 December 1807: Her Imperial Highness French Princess Eugène de Beauharnais
  • 20 December 1807 - 26 October 1813: Her Imperial Highness The Princess of Venice
  • 26 October 1813 - December 1813: Her Imperial Highness The Grand Duchess of Frankfurt, Princess of Venice
  • December 1813 - 11 April 1814: Her Imperial Highness The Princess of Venice
  • 11 April 1814 - 14 November 1817: Her Royal Highness Princess Augusta, Madame de Beauharnais
  • 14 November 1817 -21 February 1824: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Leuchtenberg, Princess of Eichstätt
  • 21 February 1824 - 13 May 1851: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Leuchtenberg

Ancestry

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