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Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Italian noble
Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
The basics

Quick Facts

The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Don Carlos, Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Infante of Spain (Full Italian name: Carlo Maria Francesco d'Assisi Pasquale Ferdinando Antonio di Padova Francesco de Paola Alfonso Andrea Avelino Tancredi, Principe di Borbone delle Due Sicilie, Infante di Spagna; 10 November 1870, Gries-San Quirino [it], Bolzano, Austria-Hungary – 11 November 1949, Seville, Spain) was the son of Prince Alfonso of the Two Sicilies, Count of Caserta and his wife Princess Maria Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, and nephew of the last King of the Two Sicilies, Francis II.

Marriages and children

On 14 February 1901 in Madrid, Carlos married Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, elder daughter of the late King Alfonso XII of Spain and of his wife Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria. Mercedes was the elder sister and heiress presumptive to King Alfonso XIII of Spain, an unmarried teenager. A week before the wedding, on 7 February, Carlos was given the title of Infante of Spain.

Carlos and Mercedes had three children:

Mercedes died in childbirth in 1904.

In 1907, Carlos married secondly to Princess Louise of Orléans, daughter of Prince Philippe, Count of Paris. The couple had four children:

  • Don Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1908–1936). Killed in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Doña María de los Dolores of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1909–1996). In 1937, she married Prince Augustyn Józef Czartoryski (1907–1946) and had one surviving son, Adam. She remarried to Carlos Chias on 1950.
  • Doña María de las Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1910–2000) who married Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona and became King Juan Carlos I of Spain's mother.
  • Doña María de la Esperanza of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1914–2005), who married Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza.

Prince Carlos's descendants include King Felipe VI of Spain, Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria, Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza and Prince Peter of Yugoslavia, among others.

Military service

Carlos served in the Spanish Army in the Spanish–American War and received the Military Order of Maria Cristina. Eventually he rose to the rank of Inspector General.

He was the 1,099th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Spain on 7 February 1901 and the 280th Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword.

Prince Carlos with his second wife, Princess Louise of Orléans, c. 1909

Two Sicilies succession

In 1894, Carlos's father Alfonso became the Head of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. On marrying his first wife, Carlos renounced his rights of succession to the Crown of Two Sicilies on 14 December 1900. In 1960, Carlos's older brother Ferdinand died without male issue, and Carlos' son Alfonso reclaimed his rights. However, Carlos's younger brother Ranieri objected and also claimed rights based on the renunciation of 1900. The dispute is still not resolved. While most royal houses in Europe recognize the claim of Ranieri's descendants, the Spanish Royal House recognizes the claim of Carlos's descendants.

Titles and styles

  • 10 November 1870 – 7 February 1901: His Royal Highness Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
  • 7 February 1901 – 11 November 1949: His Royal Highness Infante Carlos of Spain, Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Honours

  • 1,099th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece (Kingdom of Spain, 07/02/1901).
  • Knight Grand Collar of the Royal and Distinguished Order of Charles III (Kingdom of Spain, 07/02/1901).
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic (Kingdom of Spain, 07/02/1901).
  • Grand Commander of the Order of Alcántara (Kingdom of Spain, 21/03/1901).
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Military Merit [with red distinctive] (Kingdom of Spain, 04/05/1910).
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Naval Merit [with white distinctive] (Kingdom of Spain, 10/10/1923).
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild (Kingdom of Spain, 08/07/1929).
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Military Order of Maria Cristina (Kingdom of Spain).
  • Knight of the Royal Nobility Corps of the Principality of Girona (Kingdom of Spain).
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath [GCB] (United Kingdom).
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order [GCVO] (United Kingdom).
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword (Portuguese Republic).

Ancestry

8. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
8. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
4. Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies
9. Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain
2. Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta
10. Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen
5. Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria
11. Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg
1. Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
8. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
6. Prince Francis, Count of Trapani
9. Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain
3. Princess Maria Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
14. Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
7. Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria
15. Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
8. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
4. Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies
9. Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain
2. Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta
10. Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen
5. Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria
11. Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg
1. Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
8. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
6. Prince Francis, Count of Trapani
9. Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain
3. Princess Maria Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
14. Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
7. Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria
15. Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
4. Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies
9. Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain
2. Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta
10. Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen
5. Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria
11. Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg
1. Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
8. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
6. Prince Francis, Count of Trapani
9. Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain
3. Princess Maria Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
14. Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
7. Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria
15. Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies

Heraldry

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 31 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://thepeerage.com/p10328.htm#i103275
http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/2sicilies.html
http://www.boe.es/datos/pdfs/BOE/1901/039/A00555-00556.pdf
https://books.google.com/books?id=9UFveIUgktIC&pg=PA37&
http://www.boe.es/datos/pdfs/BOE/1901/081/A01237-01237.pdf
http://www.boe.es/datos/pdfs/BOE/1910/125/A00253-00253.pdf
http://www.boe.es/datos/pdfs/BOE/1923/290/A00216-00217.pdf
http://www.boe.es/datos/pdfs/BOE/1929/193/A00283-00283.pdf
http://www.royalark.net/Brazil/brazil4.htm
http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/spain.html
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1517690
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb17130706x
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb17130706x
https://d-nb.info/gnd/1129726479
http://isni.org/isni/000000005854698X
https://viaf.org/viaf/81318954
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