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Philippe de Noailles
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Philippe de Noailles

Philippe de Noailles Marshal of France

Marshal of France
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Marshal of France
Countries France
Occupations Diplomat
Type Politics
Gender male
Birth 27 November 1715 (Paris)
Death 27 June 1794 (Paris)
Family
Father: Adrien Maurice de Noailles
Siblings: Françoise Adélaïde de Noailles
Spouse: Anne d'Arpajon
Children: Louis Marc Antoine de Noailles
The details
Biography

Philippe de Noailles, comte de Noailles and later prince de Poix, duc de Mouchy, and duc de Poix à brevêt (27 December 1715 in Paris – 27 June 1794 in Paris), was a younger brother of Louis de Noailles, and a more distinguished soldier than his brother. He was the son of Françoise Charlotte d'Aubigné, niece of Madame de Maintenon.

Life

He served at Minden and in other campaigns, and was made a marshal of France in 1775, on the same day as his brother. He was long in great favor at court, and his wife, Anne d'Arpajon, comtesse de Noailles, was first lady of honour to Marie Antoinette, and was nicknamed by her Madame Etiquette. This court favor brought down punishment in the days of the French Revolution, and the old marshal, his sister, his wife, daughter-in-law and granddaughter were all guillotined on 27 June 1794. Twenty-five days later, the widow, daughter-in-law, and granddaughter of the 4th duc de Noailles were guillotined.

The comte de Noailles received the Spanish title of prince de Poix in 1729, and that of duc de Mouchy in 1747. In 1767 he received the additional French title of duc de Poix à brevêt. The title of prince de Poix passed to his son Charles-Adrien as a courtesy title on the latter's birth in 1747, and after the child's death later that year and the infant deaths of two further sons, came to rest on Noailles's successor, Philippe-Louis-Marc-Antoine.

Two of de Noailles's three surviving sons, Philippe-Louis-Marc-Antoine and Louis-Marie, were members of the National Constituent Assembly; Louis-Marie's wife died with his parents.

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