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Philipp von Jolly

Philipp von Jolly German physicist and mathematician

German physicist and mathematician
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German physicist and mathematician
A.K.A. Johann Philipp Gustav von Jolly
Was Mathematician Scientist Physicist Professor Educator
From Germany
Type Academia Mathematics Science
Gender male
Birth 26 September 1809, Mannheim, Germany
Death 24 December 1884, Munich, Germany (aged 75 years)
Star sign LibraLibra
Family
Father: Ludwig Jolly
Siblings: Julius Jolly
Children: Ludwig von JollyFriedrich JollyJulius Jolly
The details
Biography

Johann Philipp Gustav von Jolly (26 September 1809 – 24 December 1884) was a German physicist and mathematician.

Born in Mannheim as the son of merchant Louis Jolly and Marie Eleonore Jolly, he studied science in Heidelberg, Vienna and Berlin. After his studies, he was appointed professor of mathematics in Heidelberg in 1839 and in physics in 1846. He moved to Munich in 1854 where he took the position once held by Georg Simon Ohm. In 1854 he was knighted (and henceforth referred to as von Jolly).

Jolly was first and foremost an experimental physicist. He measured the acceleration due to gravity with precision weights and also worked on osmosis.

One of his students at the University of Munich was Max Planck, whom he advised in 1878 not to go into physics, saying, "in this field, almost everything is already discovered, and all that remains is to fill a few unimportant holes." Planck replied that he didn't wish to discover new things, only to understand the known fundamentals of the field. Nevertheless, Planck's work opened up the field of quantum physics.

Jolly died in Munich.

Selected works

  • Anleitung zur Differential- und Integralrechnung, 1846 – Manual of differential and integral calculus.
  • Die principien der mechanik, 1852 – Principles of mechanics.
  • Die Anwendung der Waage auf Probleme der Gravitation, 1878 – Application of the scale to problems of gravitation.
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Reference sources
References
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Philipp_Johann_Gustav_von_Jolly
https://d-nb.info/gnd/117174831
http://isni.org/isni/0000000081627753
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr92042781
https://genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu/id.php?id=61879
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w6z04p8w
https://www.idref.fr/175365334
https://viaf.org/viaf/89148774
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/89148774
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