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Philip William, Elector Palatine

Philip William, Elector Palatine

German nobleman
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German nobleman
Gender male
Birth November 24, 1615 (Neuburg an der Donau)
Death September 2, 1690 (Vienna)
Family
Mother: Magdalene of Bavaria
Father: Wolfgang WilliamCount Palatine of Neuburg
Spouse: Anna Catherine Constance VasaLandgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
Children: Eleonor Magdalene of NeuburgJohann WilhelmElector PalatineCharles III PhilipElector PalatineAlexander Sigismund von der Pfalz-NeuburgCount Palatine Francis Louis of NeuburgMaria Sofia of NeuburgMaria Anna of NeuburgCountess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of NeuburgCountess Palatine Hedwig Elisabeth of NeuburgPhilip William AugustCount Palatine of NeuburgFrederick Wilhelm von Pfalz-NeuburgWolfgang George Frederick von Pfalz-NeuburgLudwig Anton von Pfalz-NeuburgLeopoldine Eleonore von der Pfalz
The details
Biography

Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (German: Philipp Wilhelm) (24 November 1615 – 2 September 1690) was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. He was the son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria.

Life

In 1685, with the death of his Protestant cousin, the Elector Palatine Charles II, Philip William inherited the Electorate of the Palatinate, which thus switched from a Protestant to a Catholic territory. Charles II's sister, now the Duchess of Orléans and Louis XIV's sister-in-law, also claimed the Palatinate. This was the pretext for the French invasion in 1688, which began the Nine Years War.

Marriages

Philip William married twice. He first married Princess Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, daughter of Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. The couple had a son who died at birth. Anne Catherine Constance herself died in 1651.

In 1653 Philipp Wilhelm married Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. This second marriage lasted 37 years and was regarded as extremely happy. They had 17 children, including the next two Palatine Electors, John William and Charles III Philip, as well as Elector-Archbishop Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg. Many of these children have descendants today. In the early years of their marriage, the couple lived in Düsseldorf, where they founded churches and monasteries.

Issue

Ancestry

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