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Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg

Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg Count Palatine of Neuburg and Count Palatine of Sulzbach

Count Palatine of Neuburg and Count Palatine of Sulzbach
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Count Palatine of Neuburg and Count Palatine of Sulzbach
A.K.A. Philippe Louis de Wittelsbach, Philippe Louis de Neuburg, Philippe des Deux-Ponts
Was Noble Aristocrat
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 2 October 1547, Zweibrücken, Germany
Death 22 August 1614, Neuburg an der Donau, Germany (aged 66 years)
Star sign LibraLibra
Family
Mother: Anna of Hesse
Father: Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Siblings: Countess Palatine Barbara of Zweibrücken-NeuburgCharles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-BirkenfeldOtto Henry, Count Palatine of SulzbachFrederick, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Vohenstrauss-ParksteinJohn I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Spouse: Anna of Cleves (1552–1632)
Children: Countess Palatine Anna Maria of NeuburgWolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of NeuburgJohann Friedrich, Count Palatine of Sulzbach-HilpoltsteinAugustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
The details
Biography

Philipp Ludwig of Neuburg (2 October 1547 – 22 August 1614) was the Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1569 until 1614.

Life

Philipp Ludwig was born in Zweibrücken in 1547 as the eldest son of Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. After his father's death in 1569, his lands were partitioned between Philipp Ludwig and his four brothers - Philipp Ludwig received the Duchy of Neuburg. He married Anna (1552–1632), daughter of Duke Wilhelm IV "the Rich" of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, in 1574 and used the marriage as the basis of his claim to inherit the duchies in the succession controversy against the Elector of Brandenburg after William IV's only son, John William, died without heirs. In 1613 Philip Louis's eldest son converted to Catholicism and gained the support of Spain and the Catholic League while Brandenburg received the support of the Netherlands.

The conversion of his son and heir was very difficult for the staunchly Lutheran Philipp Ludwig. By the Treaty of Xanten in 1614 the duchies were was partitioned without war: Philipp Ludwig received the Duchies of Jülich and Berg. He died in Neuburg in 1614 and was buried in Lauingen.

Marriage and children

Philipp Ludwig married Anna of Cleves (1 March 1552 – 6 October 1632), daughter of Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg on 27 September 1574 and had the following children:

  1. Countess Palatine Anna Maria of Neuburg (18 August 1575 – 11 February 1643), married on September 9, 1591 to Friedrich Wilhelm I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar.
  2. Dorothea Sabine (13 October 1576 – 12 December 1598)
  3. Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg (25 October 1578 – 20 March 1653)
  4. Otto Henry (28 October 1580 – 2 March 1581)
  5. Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach (2 October 1582 – 14 August 1632)
  6. Amalia Hedwig (24 December 1584 – 15 August 1607)
  7. Johann Friedrich, Count Palatine of Sulzbach-Hilpoltstein (23 August 1587 – 19 October 1644)
  8. Sophie Barbara (3 April 1590 – 21 December 1591)

Ancestors

16. Louis I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
16. Louis I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
8. Alexander, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
17. Johanna of Croÿ
4. Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
18. Kraft VI, Count of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim
9. Margarete of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein
19. Helene of Württemberg
2. Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
20. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (= 24)
10. William I, Landgrave of Lower Hesse
21. Mechthild of Württemberg-Urach (= 25)
5. Elisabeth of Hesse
22. William IV, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
11. Anna of Brunswick
23. Elizabeth of Stolberg-Wernigerode
1. Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg
24. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (= 20)
12. William II, Landgrave of Hesse
25. Mechthild of Württemberg-Urach (= 25)
6. Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
26. Magnus II, Duke of Mecklenburg
13. Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
27. Sophie of Pomerania-Stettin
3. Anna of Hesse
28. Albert III, Duke of Saxony
14. George, Duke of Saxony
29. Sidonie of Poděbrady
7. Christine of Saxony
30. Casimir IV Jagiellon
15. Barbara Jagiellon
31. Elisabeth of Austria
16. Louis I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
8. Alexander, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
17. Johanna of Croÿ
4. Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
18. Kraft VI, Count of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim
9. Margarete of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein
19. Helene of Württemberg
2. Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
20. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (= 24)
10. William I, Landgrave of Lower Hesse
21. Mechthild of Württemberg-Urach (= 25)
5. Elisabeth of Hesse
22. William IV, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
11. Anna of Brunswick
23. Elizabeth of Stolberg-Wernigerode
1. Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg
24. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (= 20)
12. William II, Landgrave of Hesse
25. Mechthild of Württemberg-Urach (= 25)
6. Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
26. Magnus II, Duke of Mecklenburg
13. Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
27. Sophie of Pomerania-Stettin
3. Anna of Hesse
28. Albert III, Duke of Saxony
14. George, Duke of Saxony
29. Sidonie of Poděbrady
7. Christine of Saxony
30. Casimir IV Jagiellon
15. Barbara Jagiellon
31. Elisabeth of Austria
8. Alexander, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
17. Johanna of Croÿ
4. Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
18. Kraft VI, Count of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim
9. Margarete of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein
19. Helene of Württemberg
2. Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
20. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (= 24)
10. William I, Landgrave of Lower Hesse
21. Mechthild of Württemberg-Urach (= 25)
5. Elisabeth of Hesse
22. William IV, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
11. Anna of Brunswick
23. Elizabeth of Stolberg-Wernigerode
1. Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg
24. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (= 20)
12. William II, Landgrave of Hesse
25. Mechthild of Württemberg-Urach (= 25)
6. Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
26. Magnus II, Duke of Mecklenburg
13. Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
27. Sophie of Pomerania-Stettin
3. Anna of Hesse
28. Albert III, Duke of Saxony
14. George, Duke of Saxony
29. Sidonie of Poděbrady
7. Christine of Saxony
30. Casimir IV Jagiellon
15. Barbara Jagiellon
31. Elisabeth of Austria
Philipp Ludwig, Count Palatine of Neuburg
House of Wittelsbach
Born: 1547 Died: 1614
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Wolfgang
Count Palatine of Neuburg
1569–1614
Succeeded by
Wolfgang William
Preceded by
William IV
Duke of Jülich and Berg
1614
Preceded by
Otto Henry
Count Palatine of Sulzbach
1604–1614
Succeeded by
Augustus
Succeeded by
John Frederick
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Reference sources
References
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118593951
http://isni.org/isni/0000000054890361
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no00000888
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p070945616
https://www.idref.fr/137187807
https://viaf.org/viaf/16762222
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/16762222
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