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Philip II, Duke of Savoy

Philip II, Duke of Savoy

Prince of Savoy
The basics
Quick Facts
Gender male
Birth February 5, 1438 (Chambéry, arrondissement of Chambéry, Savoie, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes)
Death November 7, 1497 (Chambéry, arrondissement of Chambéry, Savoie, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes)
Mother: Anne of Cyprus
Father: LouisDuke of Savoy
Siblings: François de SavoieJanus of SavoyAmadeus IXDuke of SavoyLouis of CyprusCharlotte of SavoyBona of SavoyMargaret of SavoyCountess of Saint-PolMarie of SavoyCountess of Saint-Pol
Spouse: Marguerite de BourbonClaudine de Brosse
Children: Louise of SavoyPhilibert IIDuke of SavoyCharles IIIDuke of SavoyPhilippeDuke of NemoursLouis of SavoyFiliberta di SavoiaRené of SavoyAntonia of SavoyMichel de Savoie
The details

Philip II (5 February 1438 – 7 November 1497), surnamed the Landless, was the Duke of Savoy for a brief reign from 1496 to 1497.


He was the granduncle of the previous duke Charles II, and the youngest surviving son of Duke Louis of Savoy and Anne of Cyprus. However, he was not the heir general of the previous duke, there being several females before him in the line of succession. To ensure male inheritance to the Savoy line, his eldest son Philibert was married to his cousin, the only sister of the deceased young Duke. However, the plan did not succeed: the girl died at age twelve. (Philip had already died in the meantime.) The children of the daughters of Philip's eldest brother Duke Amedeo IX of Savoy were next in line, and were entitled to the inheritance of the line of heirs-general, including Cyprus and Jerusalem. Despite the fact that Cyprus and Jerusalem did not bar succession in female line, Philip however took those claims and used those titles as well. His male successors in Savoy also continued to do so, thus giving their ducal title a higher, royal titulary.

He spent most of his life as a junior member of the ducal family. His original apanage was the district of Bresse, close to the French and Burgundian border, but it was lost and therefore Philip received his sobriquet "the Landless", or "Lackland".


First marriage

He married Margaret of Bourbon (5 February 1438 – 1483) and had three children from this marriage:

  1. Louise (1476–1531), married Charles d'Orléans, Count of Angoulême, had children including:
    1. Francis I of France whose daughter Margaret of Valois married to Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy.
    2. Marguerite of Navarre (1492–1549); Queen consort of King Henry II of Navarre
  2. Girolamo (1478)
  3. Philibert II (1480–1504)
Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy

Second marriage

He married Claudine de Brosse of Brittany (1450–1513), daughter of Jean II de Brosse and Nicole de Châtillon, and they had six children:

  1. Charles III (1486–1553) who succeeded his half-brother as Duke of Savoy
  2. Louis (1488–1502)
  3. Philip (1490–1533), duke of Nemours
  4. Assolone (1494)
  5. Giovanni (1495)
  6. Philiberta (1498–1524), married Julian II di Medici (1479–1516), duke of Nemours

Illegitimate issue

He also had eight illegitimate children by two mistresses.

With Libera Portoneri:

  1. René of Savoy (1468-31 March 1525), served as Governor of Nice and Provence, known as the Grand Bastard of Savoy and father-in-law of Anne, 1st Duc de Montmorency
  2. Antonia of Savoy, married Jean II, Lord of Monaco
  3. Peter of Savoy, Bishop of Geneva

With Bona di Romagnano:

  1. Claudina (Claudia) of Savoy (d. 2 May 1528), married to Jacob III, Count of Horne (d. 15 August 1531).
  2. Philippina (Philippa) of Savoy, married Lorenzo de' Medici
  3. Margherita (Margaret) of Savoy
  4. Giovanna (Johanna) of Savoy
  5. Michele (Michael) of Savoy, a priest

Philip is an ancestor, through an illegitimate daughter of Honorat II of Savoy, of Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon.


Philip II, Duke of Savoy
House of Savoy
Born: 5 February 1438 Died: 7 November 1497
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles II
Duke of Savoy
Succeeded by
Philibert II
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