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Philip II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen

Philip II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen

Last duke of the Principality of Grubenhagen
Philip II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Last duke of the Principality of Grubenhagen
Was Noble Aristocrat
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 2 May 1533
Death 4 April 1596 (aged 62 years)
Star sign TaurusTaurus
Family
Mother: Catherine von Mansfeld
Father: Philip I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Siblings: Ernest III, Duke of Brunswick-GrubenhagenWolfgang, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Spouse: Clara of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Philip II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
The details

Biography

Philip II (2 May 1533 – 4 April 1596), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, a member of the House of Welf, was the last ruler of the Principality of Grubenhagen from 1595 until his death. When he died in 1596, the Grubenhagen branch of the Welfs became extinct, whereafter the principality was occupied by Duke Henry Julius of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

Life

Philip II was one of the many children of his father Duke Philip I of Brunswick-Grubenhagen and his wife Catherine of Mansfeld (1501–1535). Philip II was the youngest of nine siblings, six of whom reached adulthood. After Duke Philip I's death in 1551, he was first succeeded in government by his eldest son Ernest III. After Ernest's death in 1567, his brother Wolfgang succeeded. When he too died without male descendants in 1595, Philip II succeeded.

Katlenburg Castle, Merian, 1654

Duke Philip II was married to his cousin Clara of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1532–1595), designated Abbess of Gandersheim, who had renounced her ecclesiastical office after the abbey had been occupied by Schmalkaldic troops in the course of the Protestant Reformation and plundered afterwards. The couple took residence at the secularised monastery of Katlenburg, which Philip II had rebuilt in a Renaissance style.

In 1595 Duke Philipp II moved his residence from Katlenburg to Herzberg Castle. He reigned less than one year. When he died without a male heir in 1596, the Grubenhagen side-line of the Welfs died out and the Principality of Grubenhagen was annexed by his cousin Henry Julius of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. However, the Lüneburg branch of the Welf dynasty objected to the annexation and took the matter to the Reichskammergericht. In 1617, after a prolonged legal case, Henry Julius's son Frederick Ulrich had to cede the former Principality of Grubenhagen to Duke Christian of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

Duke Philip's final resting place is next to his parents and brothers in the crypt of St. Giles Church in Osterode am Harz. His wife Clara died in 1595.

Ancestors

16. Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
16. Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
8. Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
17. Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
4. Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
18. Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen
9. Elisabeth of Brunswick-Göttingen
19. Margarethe of Jülich-Berg
2. Philip I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
20. Henry VII, Count of Waldeck
10. Wolrad I, Count of Waldeck
21. Margaret of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein
5. Elisabeth of Waldeck
22. Michael I, Count of Wertheim
11. Barbara of Wertheim
23. Sophie of Henneberg
1.Philip II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
24. Günther II of Mansfeld-Querfurt
12. Albert V, Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort
25. Anna of Honstein
6. Ernest II, Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort
26. Conrad VII of Bickenbach
13. Susanna of Bickenbach
27. Agnes of Nassau-Wiesbaden
3. Catherine of Mansfeld-Vorderort
28. Bruno V of Querfurt
14. Bruno VI of Querfurt
29. Anna of Gleichen
7. Barbara of Querfurt
30. Henry XIX of Stolberg
15. Brigitte of Stolberg
31. Margaret of Mansfeld
16. Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
8. Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
17. Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
4. Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
18. Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen
9. Elisabeth of Brunswick-Göttingen
19. Margarethe of Jülich-Berg
2. Philip I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
20. Henry VII, Count of Waldeck
10. Wolrad I, Count of Waldeck
21. Margaret of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein
5. Elisabeth of Waldeck
22. Michael I, Count of Wertheim
11. Barbara of Wertheim
23. Sophie of Henneberg
1.Philip II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
24. Günther II of Mansfeld-Querfurt
12. Albert V, Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort
25. Anna of Honstein
6. Ernest II, Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort
26. Conrad VII of Bickenbach
13. Susanna of Bickenbach
27. Agnes of Nassau-Wiesbaden
3. Catherine of Mansfeld-Vorderort
28. Bruno V of Querfurt
14. Bruno VI of Querfurt
29. Anna of Gleichen
7. Barbara of Querfurt
30. Henry XIX of Stolberg
15. Brigitte of Stolberg
31. Margaret of Mansfeld
8. Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
17. Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
4. Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
18. Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen
9. Elisabeth of Brunswick-Göttingen
19. Margarethe of Jülich-Berg
2. Philip I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
20. Henry VII, Count of Waldeck
10. Wolrad I, Count of Waldeck
21. Margaret of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein
5. Elisabeth of Waldeck
22. Michael I, Count of Wertheim
11. Barbara of Wertheim
23. Sophie of Henneberg
1.Philip II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
24. Günther II of Mansfeld-Querfurt
12. Albert V, Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort
25. Anna of Honstein
6. Ernest II, Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort
26. Conrad VII of Bickenbach
13. Susanna of Bickenbach
27. Agnes of Nassau-Wiesbaden
3. Catherine of Mansfeld-Vorderort
28. Bruno V of Querfurt
14. Bruno VI of Querfurt
29. Anna of Gleichen
7. Barbara of Querfurt
30. Henry XIX of Stolberg
15. Brigitte of Stolberg
31. Margaret of Mansfeld
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 10 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://d-nb.info/gnd/115462562
http://isni.org/isni/0000000021372410
https://viaf.org/viaf/47492595
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/viaf-47492595
http://www.welfen.de/PhGrub2.htm
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