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Peter III of Portugal

Peter III of Portugal Portuguese politician

Portuguese politician
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Portuguese politician
Countries Portugal
Occupations Sovereign
Gender male
Birth 5 July 1717 (Lisbon)
Death 25 May 1786 (Sintra)
Family
Mother: Maria Anna of Austria
Father: John V of Portugal
Siblings: Joseph I of PortugalInfante Alexandre of PortugalGaspar de BragançaPedroPrince of BrazilAntónio of BraganzaChild of PalhavãJosé of BraganzaHigh Inquisitor of PortugalInfante Carlos of Portugal
Spouse: Maria I of Portugal
Children: JoséPrince of BrazilJohn VI of PortugalInfanta Mariana Victoria of Portugal
Peter III of Portugal
The details
Biography

Peter III (Portuguese: Pedro III) (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpedɾu]) (5 July 1717 – 25 May 1786) became King of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves by the accession of his wife and niece Queen Maria I in 1777, and co-reigned alongside her until his death.

Early life

Pedro, Prince of Brazil; Portrait by Vieira Lusitano.

Pedro was born at 12:00 noon on 5 July 1717 in the Ribeira Palace in Lisbon, Portugal. He was baptized on 29 August and was given the name Pedro Clemente Francisco José António. His parents were King João V and his wife Maria Ana of Austria. Pedro was a younger brother of José I of Portugal. Their maternal grandparents were Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg, sister of Queen Maria Sofia of Portugal.

Reign

Pedro married his niece Maria, Princess of Brazil, in 1760, at which time she was the heiress presumptive to the throne then held by his brother José I. According to custom, Pedro thus became king of Portugal in right of his wife. They had six children, of whom the eldest surviving son succeeded Maria as João VI on her death in 1816.

Pedro made no attempt to participate in government affairs, spending his time hunting or in religious exercises.

He also defended the high nobility of Portugal, and sponsored the petitions of those accused in Távora affair, whose rehabilitation was subject of new lawsuits, in which the heirs demanded the restitution of their confiscated properties.

Peter III was moderately friendly toward the Jesuits, who had been banished from Portugal and its overseas empire in 1759, largely at the behest of the Marquis of Pombal. Peter III had taken some of his early education from the Jesuits, explaining this. His affection had little effect; Pope Clement XIV ordered the Jesuits suppressed across Europe in 1773.

Marriage and Issue

The couple married on 6 June 1760. At the time of their marriage, Maria was 25 and Pedro was 42. Despite the age gap, the couple had a happy marriage. Peter automatically became co-monarch (as Pedro III of Portugal) when Maria ascended the throne, as a child had already been born from their marriage. The couple had six children and a stillborn baby.

Effigy of Maria I and Peter III, 1785
Name Birth Death Notes
José, Prince of Brazil 20 August 1761 11 September 1788 José Francisco Xavier de Paula Domingos António Agostinho Anastácio married Infanta Benedita of Portugal and had no issue. His death lead to his younger brother becoming heir-apparent and later king.
João de Bragança 20 October 1762 20 October 1762 João was a still born baby, born at the Ajuda National Palace.
João Francisco de Bragança 16 September 1763 10 October 1763 João Francisco de Paula Domingos António Carlos Cipriano was born at the Ajuda National Palace.
João VI 13 May 1767 10 March 1826 João Maria José Francisco Xavier de Paula Luís António Domingos Rafael married Carlota Joaquina of Spain and had issue. He was King of Portugal and Emperor of Brazil.
Mariana Victoria de Bragança 15 December 1768 2 November 1788 Maria Ana Vitória Josefa Francisca Xavier de Paula Antonieta Joana Domingas Gabriela married Infante Gabriel of Spain and had issue.
Maria Clementina de Bragança 9 June 1774 27 June 1776 Maria Clementina Francisca Xavier de Paula Ana Josefa Antónia Domingas Feliciana Joana Michaela Julia de Bragança was born at the Queluz National Palace.
Maria Isabel de Bragança 12 December 1776 14 January 1777 Maria Isabel was born at the Queluz National Palace.

Ancestors

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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