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Pauline Betz

Pauline Betz American tennis player

American tennis player
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro American tennis player
A.K.A. Pauline Addie
Countries United States of America
Occupations Tennis player
Gender female
Birth 6 August 1919 (Dayton)
Death 31 May 2011 (Potomac)
Star sign LeoLeo
Family
Spouse: Bob Addie
Children: Kim Addonizio
Education Columbia University
The details
Biography

Pauline Betz Addie (née Pauline May Betz, August 6, 1919 – May 31, 2011) was an American professional tennis player. She won five Grand Slam singles titles and was the runner-up on three other occasions. Jack Kramer has called her the second best female tennis player he ever saw, behind Helen Wills Moody.

Early life

Betz attended Los Angeles High School and learned her tennis from Dick Skeen. She continued her tennis and education at Rollins College (graduating in 1943), where she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta sorority. Betz earned an MA in economics from Columbia University.

Career

Betz won the first of her four singles titles at the U.S. Championships in 1942, saving a match point in the semifinals against Margaret Osborne while trailing 3–5 in the final set. The following year, she won the Tri-State tournament in Cincinnati, Ohio, defeating Catherine Wolf in the final 6–0, 6–2 without losing a point in the first set, a "golden set". She won the Wimbledon singles title in 1946, the only time she entered the tournament, without losing a set. At the 1946 French Championships, held that year after Wimbledon, she lost the final in three sets to Margaret Osborne after failing to convert two match points.

Her amateur career ended in 1947 when the USLTA revoked her amateur status for exploring the possibilities of turning professional. Betz played two professional tours of matches against Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1947) and Gussie Moran (1951).

According to John Olliff of The Daily Telegraph and The Daily Mail, Addie was ranked World No. 1 in 1946 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945). She was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association from 1939 through 1946. She was the top ranked U.S. player from 1942 through 1944 and in 1946.

Awards and honors

On September 2, 1946 Betz appeared on the cover of TIME magazine.

Betz was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1965. In 1995 she was inducted in the ITA Women's Collegiate Tennis Hall of Fame. The Pauline Betz Addie Tennis Center at Cabin John Regional Park in Potomac, Maryland was renamed in her honor on May 1, 2008. Addie, Albert Ritzenberg, and Stanly Hoffberger founded the center in 1972.

Grand Slam finals

Singles (5 titles, 3 runners-up)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1941 U.S. Championships Grass United States Sarah Palfrey Cooke 5–7, 2–6
Winner 1942 U.S. Championships Grass United States Louise Brough 4–6, 6–1, 6–4
Winner 1943 U.S. Championships (2) Grass United States Louise Brough 6–3, 5–7, 6–3
Winner 1944 U.S. Championships (3) Grass United States Margaret Osborne 6–3, 8–6
Runner-up 1945 U.S. Championships Grass United States Sarah Palfrey Cooke 6–3, 6–8, 4–6
Winner 1946 Wimbledon Grass United States Louise Brough 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 1946 French Championships Clay United States Margaret Osborne 6–2, 6–8, 5–7
Winner 1946 U.S. Championships (4) Grass United States Doris Hart 11–9, 6–3

Doubles: 7 (7 runner-ups)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1941 U.S. Championships Grass United States Dorothy Bundy United States Sarah Palfrey
United States Margaret Osborne
6–3, 1–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1942 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne
6–2, 5–7, 0–6
Runner-up 1943 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne
4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 1944 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne
6–4, 4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 1945 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne
3–6, 3–6
Runner-up 1946 Wimbledon Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne
3–6, 6–2, 3–6
Runner-up 1946 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne
4–6, 6–0, 1–6

Mixed Doubles: 3 (1 title, 2 runner-ups)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1941 U.S. Championships Grass United States Bobby Riggs United States Sarah Palfrey
United States Jack Kramer
6–4, 4–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1943 U.S. Championships Grass Ecuador Pancho Segura United States Margaret Osborne
United States Bill Talbert
8–10, 4–6
Winner 1946 French Championships Clay United States Budge Patty United States Dorothy Bundy
United States Tom Brown
7–5, 9–7

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
Tournament 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 Career SR
Australian Championships A A NH NH NH NH NH A 0 / 0
French Championships A NH R R R R A F 0 / 1
Wimbledon A NH NH NH NH NH NH W 1 / 1
U.S. Championships 1R QF F W W W F W 4 / 8
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 0 / 1 2 / 3 5 / 10

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation. SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

1In 1946, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

Personal life

In 1949 Betz published an autobiography titled Wings on my Tennis Shoes. That same year she married Bob Addie, a sportswriter for the Washington Times-Herald and Washington Post. The couple had five children, including poet and novelist Kim Addonizio, Rusty, Gary, Jon and Rick. Her granddaughter Aya Cash is an actress. Pauline Betz Addie died in her sleep on May 31, 2011, aged 91.

Records

Tournament Year Record accomplished Player tied
Tri-State tournament 1943 Achieved a Golden Set Tine Scheuer-Larsen (1995)
Yaroslava Shvedova (2012)
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Sources
References
http://classic.sidwell.edu/retired_former_employees/archives/Addie.htm
http://content.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19460902,00.html
http://isni.org/isni/0000000374179114
http://itahalloffame.org/inductees/pauline-betz-addie/
http://sportsthenandnow.com/2009/08/25/rollins-college-womens-tennis-the-small-school-with-the-big-tradition/
http://tars.rollins.edu/athletics/tradition/index.shtml
http://tennis.quickfound.net/history/jack_kramer.html
http://web.wm.edu/tenniscenter/addie.html
http://www.rollinssports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=19500&ATCLID=1547225
http://www.worldcat.org/title/wings-on-my-tennis-shoes/oclc/717317192
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n50057544
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