Paul Desmond Scully-Power, AM, FRAeS (born May 28, 1944) is an Australian born, American oceanographer. While a civilian employee of the United States Naval Undersea Warfare Center, he flew aboard NASA Space Shuttle mission STS-41-G as a Payload Specialist. He was the first Australian-born person to journey into space, and the first astronaut to launch with a beard.
Scully-Power went on to work in private industry. He is considered a world expert in remote sensing: visible, infra-red, radar and acoustic.
Scully-Power was born in Sydney, Australia, becoming a U.S. citizen in 1982. He is married with six children (Adam, Lincoln, Holly (deceased), Victoria, William and Tara). His recreational interests include squash and racket ball, sailing, and reading.
He attended schools in London and Saint Ignatius' College, Riverview in Sydney. He studied applied mathematics at the University of Sydney, where he resided at St John's College, and graduated with a Bachelor of Science with Honours in 1966 and a Diploma of Education in 1967.
Scully-Power has spent extensive time at sea. He took part in 24 scientific cruises, for 13 of which he was chief scientist. He is regularly invited to give papers at national and international scientific meetings and reviews articles for four technical journals. Scully-Power is also a qualified Navy diver.
In January 1967, after graduating from the University of Sydney, he was approached by the Royal Australian Navy to set up the first oceanographic group within the Navy.
From January 1967 to July 1972 he was Scientific officer. Remained the first permanent head of the oceanographic group.
From July 1972 to March 1974 he was Australian Navy Exchange Scientist, U.S. Navy. Worked at the U.S. Naval Underwater Systems Center, New London, Connecticut, and at the Office of Naval Research, Washington, D.C. During this period, he was invited to assist the Earth Observations team on the Skylab Project and has worked in space oceanography for each manned spacecraft mission since that time.
From March 1974 to March 1975 he returned to Australia, planned and executed the joint Australia, New Zealand, United States project ANZUS EDDY, which was the first combined oceanographic and acoustic measurement of an ocean eddy ever conducted.
In 1976, he was appointed a foreign principal investigator for the Heat Capacity Mapping Mission, which was one of a series of satellites launched by NASA to explore the usefulness of remote sensing measurements.
In October 1977, he emigrated to the United States and was offered a position at the Naval Underwater Systems Center. This position is that of a senior scientist and technical specialist on the staff of the Associate Technical Director for Research and Technology with the responsibility to insure the development of a comprehensive and balanced technology base within the Center.
In June 1984, he was chosen by NASA to be a Payload Specialist on the 13th Shuttle mission, which would study Earth Sciences. His space flight STS-41-G Challenger (October 5–13, 1984) was launched from and returned to land at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida. STS-41-G was the first mission with a 7-person crew, and the first to demonstrate American orbital fuel transfer. During the 8-day flight, the crew deployed the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite, conducted scientific observations of the earth with the OSTA-3 pallet and Large Format Camera, and demonstrated potential satellite refueling with an EVA and associated hydrazine transfer. At mission conclusion, Scully-Power had traveled over 3.4 million miles in 133 Earth orbits, and logged over 197 hours in space.
Scully-Power is Chairman and CEO of SensorConnect Inc., a Silicon Valley high-tech company. He was formerly the CTO of the Tenix Group, Australia’s largest Defence & Technology contractor. He is a well-known innovator and corporate strategist.
Scully-Power has extensive commercial, government and academic experience in Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and is widely recognised in the fields of defence & national security, aviation & aerospace, marine science, communications & systems analysis, and education.
Scully-Power has served as a Director of a number of public and private corporate and advisory boards worldwide.
Scully-Power is past Chairman of the Australian Civil Aviation Safety Authority (the federal regulator) and the Federal Government’s International Space Advisory Group, a former Chancellor of Bond University (Australia’s largest private university), and was the inaugural Chairman of the Queensland Premier’s Science and Technology Council. Prior to that he spent over twenty years in the United States where he managed and led many high technology and defence industry programs. He served with the U.S. Navy, NASA, the Pentagon, and the White House, where he was the head of a Government-Industry partnership for the development of advanced communications systems as part of the White House National Technology Strategy Program. He was also responsible for the funding of major programs at universities and research institutions on behalf of the U.S. government. Additionally, he held the Distinguished Chair of Environmental Acoustics, was a Research Associate at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Chairman of Membership of the Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering, served on the University & College Accreditation Board, and was President of the Fort Trumbull Federal Credit Union. Before going to America, he was the inaugural Head of the Royal Australian Navy’s Oceanographic Group, deploying to sea on 26 cruises and qualifying as a naval ship's diver.
Scully-Power is considered a world expert in remote sensing: visible, infra-red, radar and acoustic sensing and has earned the highest degree in science, a Doctor of Science in Applied Mathematics for his work. He has published over ninety international scientific reports and technical journal articles, including the Bakerian Lecture of the Royal Society. He has been a major contributor to the U.S. Navy’s warfare appraisal and surveillance strategies, and was recognised by the University of Sydney in 1995 as its Distinguished Graduate. He discovered the phenomenon of ocean spiral eddies.
Scully-Power was the first President of the U.N. International Commission on Space Oceanography. He is U.S. Air Force qualified for full pressure suit flying, and was a flight crew instructor in the Astronaut Office, Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas. Dr Scully-Power is a Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society, a Liveryman of the Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators, and a Freeman of the City of London.
He is involved in many business and community groups through his roles as Patron of the Australian Aviation Museum, the Royal Australian Navy Laboratory Association, and the League of Ancient Mariners; past Vice President of the Naval Warfare Officers’ Association; a member of the International Trade and Government Committee of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce; and a Director of the Australia Youth Trust set up by Princess Diana. He is also a founding member of the advisory board of Environment Business Australia. Dr Scully-Power served for five years on the Australian Trade Commission, and for eight years on the Australian Institute of Company Directors. A larger than life-size oil painting of Dr Scully-Power hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in Canberra.
Awards and honors
Among his awards are the Distinguished Service Medal, NASA Space Flight Medal, the Casey Baldwin Medallion of the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute, United States Presidential Letter of Commendation, U.S. Congressional Certificate of Merit, United Nations Association Distinguished Service Award, Laureate of the Albatross (Oceanography’s 'Nobel Prize'), Order of the Decibel (the highest award in the field of Underwater Acoustics), and Australia's highest aviation award the Oswald Watt Gold Medal. He was appointed a Member of the Order of Australia on Australia Day 2004.
- American Geophysical Union
- Acoustical Society of America
- American Meteorological Society
- American Association for the Advancement of Science
- U.S. Naval Institute
- Australian Marine Sciences Association
He has published 60 scientific articles in such fields as physical oceanography, underwater acoustics, remote sensing, applied mathematics, space oceanography, marine biology, meteorology, and ocean engineering.
- Oceans to Orbit: The Story of Australia's First Man in Space, Paul Scully-Power, 1995, by Colin Burgess.
- Australia's Astronauts: Three Men and a Spaceflight Dream, 1999, by Colin Burgess.
- Australia's Astronauts: Countdown to a Spaceflight Dream, 2009, by Colin Burgess.