Quantcast
peoplepill id: p-f-strawson
PFS
1 views today
1 views this week
P. F. Strawson
British philosopher

P. F. Strawson

P. F. Strawson
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro British philosopher
A.K.A. Peter Frederick Strawson, Sir Peter Frederick Strawson
Was Philosopher Engineer Professor Educator
From United Kingdom
Field Academia Engineering Philosophy
Gender male
Birth 23 November 1919, Ealing, United Kingdom
Death 13 February 2006, Oxford, United Kingdom (aged 86 years)
Star sign Sagittarius
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Sir Peter Frederick Strawson FBA (/ˈstrɔːsən/; 23 November 1919 – 13 February 2006), usually cited as P. F. Strawson, was an English philosopher. He was the Waynflete Professor of Metaphysical Philosophy at the University of Oxford (Magdalen College) from 1968 to 1987. Before that, he was appointed as a college lecturer at University College, Oxford, in 1947, and became a tutorial fellow the following year, until 1968. On his retirement in 1987, he returned to the college and continued working there until shortly before his death. His portrait was painted by the artists Muli Tang and Daphne Todd.

When he died, the obituary in The Guardian noted that, "Oxford was the world capital of philosophy between 1950 and 1970, and American academics flocked there, rather than the traffic going the other way. That golden age had no greater philosopher than Sir Peter Strawson."

Early years

Strawson was born in Ealing, west London, and brought up in Finchley, north London, by his parents, both of whom were teachers. He was educated at Christ's College, Finchley, followed by St John's College, Oxford, where he read Philosophy, Politics and Economics.

Philosophical work

Strawson first became well known with his article "On Referring" (1950), a criticism of Bertrand Russell's theory of descriptions (see also Definite descriptions) that Russell explained in the famous "On Denoting" article (1905).

In philosophical methodology, there are (at least) two important and interrelated features of Strawson's work that are worthy of note. The first is the project of a 'descriptive' metaphysics, and the second is his notion of a shared conceptual scheme, composed of concepts operated in everyday life. In his book Individuals (1959), Strawson attempts to give a description of various concepts that form an interconnected web, representing (part of) our common, shared, human conceptual scheme. In particular, he examines our conceptions of basic particulars, and how they are variously brought under general spatio-temporal concepts. What makes this a metaphysical project is that it exhibits, in fine detail, the structural features of our thought about the world, and thus precisely delimits how we, humans, think about reality.

Strawson was made a Fellow of the British Academy in 1960 and Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1971. He was president of the Aristotelian Society from 1969 to 1970. He was knighted, in 1977, for services to philosophy.

Personal life

After serving as a captain in the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers during World War II, Strawson married Ann Martin in 1945. They had four children, including the philosopher Galen Strawson. P.F. Strawson lived in Oxford all his adult life and died in hospital on 13 February 2006 after a short illness. He was elder brother to Major General John Strawson.

Partial bibliography

Books

  • Introduction to Logical Theory. London: Methuen, 1952.
  • Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics. London: Methuen, 1959.
    • German translation by F. Scholz (Stuttgart: Reclam, 1972)
    • French translation by A. Shalom and P. Drong (Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1973)
    • Italian translation by E. Bencivenga (Milan: Feltrinelli, 1978)
    • Japanese translation by N. Nakamura (Tokyo: Misuzu Shobo, 1978)
    • Polish translation by B. Chwedenczuk (Warsaw: Wydawniczy Pax, 1980)
    • Spanish translation by A. Suarez and L. Villanueva (Madrid: Taurus, 1989)
  • The Bounds of Sense: An Essay on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. London: Methuen, 1966.
    • Spanish translation by C. Luis Andre (Madrid: Revista de Occidente, 1975)
    • German translation by E. Lange (Hain, 1981)
    • Italian translation by M. Palumbo (Roma-Bari: Laterza, 1985)
    • Japanese translation, 1987
  • Logico-Linguistic Papers. London: Methuen, 1971
  • Freedom and Resentment and other Essays. London: Methuen, 1974
  • Subject and Predicate in Logic and Grammar. London: Methuen, 1974
  • Skepticism and Naturalism: Some Varieties. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.
  • Analysis and Metaphysics: An Introduction to Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • Entity and Identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
  • Philosophical Writings. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Articles

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 22 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
Comments
From our partners
Sponsored
Reference sources
References
https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/strawson/
https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/bill-sykes-peter-strawson-george-cawkwell-and-hartmut-pogge-von-strandmann-223892
https://www.theguardian.com/news/2006/feb/15/guardianobituaries.booksobituaries
https://web.archive.org/web/20161201211753/https://www.theguardian.com/news/2006/feb/15/guardianobituaries.booksobituaries
https://archive.org/details/introductiontolo010626mbp
http://www.hist-analytic.com/Gricestrawson.pdf
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/~uctytho/dfwstrawson1.htm
https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=gzcHDAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Free+Will+and+Reactive+Attitudes:+Perspectives+on+P.+F.+Strawson's+'Freedom+and+Resentment'&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjBxa6Dv_LgAhWoQxUIHSqBBeIQ6AEILDAA#v=onepage&q=Free%20Will%20and%20Reactive%20Attitudes:%20Perspectives%20on%20P.%20F.%20Strawson's%20'Freedom%20and%20Resentment'&f=false
https://www.theguardian.com/obituaries/story/0,,1709718,00.html
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/sir-peter-strawson-346189.html
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/strawson/
https://www.philosophersmag.com/essays/199-snapshot-p-f-strawson
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90296250
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1130155
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11925650p
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11925650p
http://cantic.bnc.cat/registres/CUCId/a10160371
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118619128
http://isni.org/isni/0000000108574082
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n80030830
https://id.ndl.go.jp/auth/ndlna/00457915
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=mzk2002148216&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p068506643
https://libris.kb.se/auth/249462
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w62085jq
https://www.idref.fr/027150313
https://viaf.org/viaf/51696277
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n80030830
Sections P. F. Strawson

arrow-left arrow-right instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube pandora tunein iheart itunes