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Otto Zacharias

Otto Zacharias German zoologist, plankton researcher, journalist

German zoologist, plankton researcher, journalist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German zoologist, plankton researcher, journalist
A.K.A. Emil Otto Zacharias, O. Zacharias, O.Zacharias
Was Limnologist Journalist Zoologist Biologist Scientist Marine biologist
From Germany
Type Biology Journalism Science Social science
Gender male
Birth 27 January 1846, Leipzig, Germany
Death 2 October 1916, Kiel, Germany (aged 70 years)
Star sign AquariusAquarius
The details
Biography
Otto_Zacharias, in 1876

Emil Otto Zacharias (January 27, 1846, Leipzig – October 2, 1916, Kiel) was a German zoologist, plankton researcher and journalist.

Life

Otto Zacharias studied in Leipzig, including mathematics, philosophy and zoology. For many years he worked as a tutor in Italy, where he devoted himself mainly to the popular science presenting complex issues of biology. He held a long correspondence with leading researchers and writers in Prussia and elsewhere, including Ernst Haeckel, Charles Darwin, Rudolf Virchow, Joseph Kürschner and Wilhelm Bölsche. In 1891, Zacharias was supported financially by the Prussian government and several private individuals to establish, on Großer Plöner See, the first "Biological Station" for limnology (freshwater research) based on German soil as a private research institute. The inspiration for this was the Stazione Zoologica founded in 1870 in Naples by Anton Dohrn, which was already highly recognized.

Zacharias was an advocate of Darwinism. He supported the evolutionary ideas of Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. In 1877, Zacharias came across a strange monstrosity at a marketplace, a pig with thumbs developed on both forelimbs. Intrigued about the possibility of atavism, he purchased the pig and sent one of the feet to Darwin to ask for his opinion.

As the director Zacharias published research reports from 1893 on the activities at Plön station, which were recorded from 1905 in the Archives of Hydrobiology. In so-called "summer schools" Zacharias trained teachers and laity interested in working with the microscope.

The Centre became known as the Max Planck Institute of Limnology. As of 2008 the Institute is no longer in the original building but still in Plon. It was renamed in April 2007 as part of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology.

Zacharias has a water mite Arrenurus zachariae Koenike, 1886 named after him.

Selected works

  • Charles Darwin und die kulturhistorische Bedeutung seiner Theorie vom Ursprung der Arten. Berlin 1882.
  • Über gelöste und ungelöste Probleme der Naturforschung. 2. Aufl. Leipzig 1891.
  • Katechismus des Darwinismus. Leipzig 1891.
  • Die Tier- und Pflanzenwelt des Süßwassers. 2 Bde. Leipzig 1891.
  • Das Plankton. Leipzig 1907.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=O.Zacharias
http://caliban.mpiz-koeln.mpg.de/~stueber/zacharias/index.html
https://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=O.Zacharias
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116947799
http://isni.org/isni/0000000109068325
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=xx0120108&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p163643059
https://libris.kb.se/auth/238025
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w6tr3zfd
https://www.idref.fr/144574233
https://viaf.org/viaf/61521786
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