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Otto Volger

Otto Volger

German geologist
Otto Volger
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German geologist
A.K.A. Georg Heinrich Otto Volger
Was Geologist Professor Educator Mineralogist
From Germany
Type Academia Science
Gender male
Birth 30 January 1822, Lüneburg, Germany
Death 18 October 1897, Sulzbach, Germany (aged 75 years)
Star sign AquariusAquarius
Family
Father: Wilhelm Friedrich Volger
The details

Biography

Otto Volger, 1864

Georg Heinrich Otto Volger (30 January 1822 – 18 October 1897) was a German geologist born in Lüneburg.

He studied natural history at the University of Göttingen, and later taught classes in natural history at the Muri monastery in Aargau. From 1851 to 1856 he was a professor of natural history at the University of Zurich, and afterwards taught geology at the Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg. From 1859 to 1881 he taught geology and mineralogy at the Freie Deutsche Hochstift in Frankfurt-am-Main.

Volger made contributions in the fields of mineralogy and crystallography, and was particularly interested in earthquakes. He did extensive study of earthquakes in Switzerland; researching their origins, periodicity, meteorological and environmental factors, as well as the spread and expansion of the quakes. Volger advocated the theory of neptunism. Independent of geologist Robert Mallet (1810-1881), he created his own neptunistic theory of wave propagation of earthquakes. Volger believed that most earthquakes in Switzerland were subsidence quakes caused by collapse of layers of hollow strata in the Earth.

In 1863, Volger purchased the birthplace of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), and meticulously restored the house to the condition left by Goethe's father.

Selected works

  • Studien zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Mineralien als Grundlage einer wissenschaftlichen Geologie und rationellen Mineralchemie, 1854 – Studies on the evolution of minerals as the basis of a scientific geology and a rational mineralogical chemistry.
  • Die Entwicklungsgeschichte der Mineralien der Talkglimmer-Familie und ihrer Verwandten, 1855 – The evolution of minerals of the talc-mica groups and their relatives.
  • Versuch einer Monographie des Borazites, 1855 – A monograph on boracites.
  • Untersuchungen über das Phänomen der Erdbeben in der Schweiz, 1857 – Studies on the phenomenon of earthquakes in Switzerland.
  • Goethe's Vaterhaus : ein Beitrag zu des Dichters Entwicklungsgeschichte, 1863 – Goethe's father's house: a contribution to the poet's development history.
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 10 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://classify.oclc.org/classify2/ClassifyDemo?search-author-txt=%22Volger,+Georg+Heinrich+Otto+(1822-1897)%22
https://d-nb.info/gnd/117488739
http://isni.org/isni/0000000108680563
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=js20091029002&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.rero.ch/02-A000173583
https://viaf.org/viaf/13317303
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/13317303
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