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Otto II, Duke of Swabia

Otto II, Duke of Swabia

Count Palatine of Lotharingia and Duke of Swabia
The basics
Gender male
Death September 7, 1047
Mother: Matilda of GermanyCountess Palatine of Lotharingia
Father: EzzoCount Palatine of Lotharingia
Siblings: Herman IILiudolf of LotharingiaRicheza of LotharingiaTheophanu of EssenIda of Essen
Children: Richenza of Swabia
Authority VIAF id
The details

Otto II (c. 995 – 7 September 1047), a member of the Ezzonid dynasty, was Count Palatine of Lotharingia from 1034 until 1045 and Duke of Swabia from 1045 until his death.


He was the son of the Lotharingian count palatine Ezzo (955–1043) and his wife Matilda (979–1025), a daughter of Emperor Otto II and his consort Theophanu. He was a member of the Ezzonian dynasty. Otto's elder brother Herman became Archbishop of Cologne in 1036; his sister Richeza married the Polish king Mieszko II Lambert in 1013.

Upon the death of his father in 1034, Otto succeeded him as count palatine as well as count in Deutz and in the Rhenish Auelgau, as his elder brother Liudolf had died already in 1031. He also served as protector (Vogt) of Brauweiler Abbey near Cologne, which had been founded by his parents.

In the conflict with Duke Godfrey III of Lower Lorraine, Otto remained a loyal supporter of the Salian king Henry III. In turn Henry vested him with the princeless Duchy of Swabia, which he had seized upon the early death of Duke Herman IV. At Easter on 7 April 1045 in Goslar, the ducal title was awarded to Otto; in exchange, he gave up the office of count palatine, which was bestowed on his cousin Henry I. Also, his territories in Kaiserswerth and Duisburg devolved onto the crown.

Marriage and children

Otto married a daughter of Count Hugh VI of Egisheim. He had a daughter, Richenza (c. 1025 –1083), who married firstly Herman, Count of Werl, and secondly Otto of Nordheim. Another daughter, Hildegarde, married Frederick of Büren, and they were the parents of Duke Frederick I of Swabia. Recently, any matrimonial alliance of Otto has been disputed.

In 1047, Otto died unexpectedly at his castle, the Tomburg, while preparing an imperial campaign against the invading forces of Count Baldwin V of Flanders and Count Dirk IV of Holland. He was buried in Brauweiler Abbey; the ceremony was held by his brother-in-law, Bishop Bruno of Toul, the later Pope Leo IX. In 1048, Emperor Henry III appointed Otto of Schweinfurt his successor as Duke of Swabia.

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