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Otto I

Otto I

Duke of Merania
Otto I
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Duke of Merania
A.K.A. Othon d'Andechs
Was Noble Aristocrat
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 1180
Death 7 May 1234, Besançon, France (aged 54 years)
Family
Mother: Agnes of Rochlitz
Father: Berthold IV, Duke of Merania
Siblings: Hedwig of SilesiaGertrude of MeraniaAgnes of MeraniaEkbert von Andechs-MeranienHenry II, Margrave of IstriaBertoldo de Merania
Spouse: Beatrice II, Countess of BurgundySophie of Anhalt
Children: Otto III, Count of BurgundyAgnes of Merania (1215-1263)Beatrix of Andechs-MeraniaAdelaide, Countess of BurgundyMarguerite of MeraniaElisabeth of Andechs-Merania Margaret of MeranAgnes von Andechs-MeranienOtto IIICount Palatine of BurgundyMargarethe Andechs-Meranien
The details

Biography

Otto I (c. 1180 – 7 May 1234), a member of the House of Andechs, was Duke of Merania from 1204 until his death. He was also Count of Burgundy (as Otto II) from 1208 to 1231, by his marriage to Countess Beatrice II, and Margrave of Istria and Carniola from 1228 until his death.

Life

He was born about 1180 the eldest son of Duke Berthold of Merania and his wife Agnes of Rochlitz. On the death of his father in 1204, he succeeded him as Duke of Merania, while the margravial titles in Istria and Carniola were inherited by his younger brother Henry II.

On 21 June 1208, Otto married Beatrice II, Countess of Burgundy of House Hohenstaufen, daughter of late Count Otto I of Burgundy. At the wedding ceremony in Bamberg, the Hohenstaufen king Philip of Swabia was murdered, whereafter Otto approached his Welf rival Otto IV. However, the position of the Andechs dynasty was significantly weakened. Otto's brother Henry II was accused of having been involved in Philip's assassination and his estates were seized by Duke Ludwig I of Bavaria.

Otto assumed the rule in the County of Burgundy, which was contested by the local Counts of Auxonne and in the long-time struggle, Otto even had to give the Burgundian lands in pawn to Count Theobald IV of Champagne.

In 1213 Otto had joined the Babenberg duke Leopold VI of Austria and his brother-in-law King Andrew II of Hungary in the Fifth Crusade. In 1222, he became embroiled in a dispute with Gerard I de Rougemont, the Archbishop of Besançon over the building of a castle where Otto I of Burgundy had vowed would never be built. When Otto II of Burgundy refused to destroy the castle or explain his actions at the archiepiscopal court, he was excommunicated and his lands placed under interdict. He immediately turned to his brother Ekbert, Bishop of Bamberg for help in Bamberg. There on 20 October 1223, he issued five charters in which he made lavish donations for the sake of his soul. In 1228 he inherited the Marches of Istria and Carniola, which his brother Henry II had regained shortly before.

On Beatrice's death in 1231, he ceased to be Count and was succeeded by his son as Otto III. On his own death in 1234, he was further succeeded by his son as Otto II, Duke of Merania.

Marriage and children

Otto firstly married Beatrice of Hohenstaufen and produced the following children with her:

After Beatrice's death in 1231, Otto secondly married Sophia of Anhalt, daughter of Henry I, Count of Anhalt. There was no issue from this marriage.

Sources

  • Kroonen, Guus; Langbroek, Erika; Quak, Arend; Roeleveld, Annelies, eds. (2014). Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik. Volume 72. Editions Rodopi.
  • Lechner, Karl (1976). Die Babenberger: Markgrafen und Herzoge von Österreich 976–1246. Vienna: Böhlau. ISBN 978-3205085089.
  • Lyon, Jonathan R. (2013). Princely Brothers and Sisters: The Sibling Bond in German Politics, 1100-1250. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0801451300.
Otto I, Duke of Merania
House of Andechs
Born: c. 1180 Died: 7 May 1234
Preceded by
Berthold
Duke of Merania
1204–1234
Succeeded by
Otto II
Preceded by
Beatrice II
Count of Burgundy
1208–1231
with Beatrice II
Preceded by
Henry II
Margrave of Istria and Carniola
1228–1234

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118839381
https://viaf.org/viaf/72191393
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/72191393
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