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Oscar Fraas

Oscar Fraas

German anthropologist and paleontologist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German anthropologist and paleontologist
A.K.A. Oscar von Fraas, Oskar Fraas, Oscar Friedrich von Fraas, Oscar Friedrich Fraas
Countries Germany
Occupations Anthropologist Paleontologist Geologist
Gender male
Birth 17 January 1824 (Lorch)
Death 22 November 1897 (Stuttgart)
Education University of Tübingen
The details
Biography

Oscar Friedrich von Fraas (17 January 1824, Lorch (Württemberg) – 22 November 1897, Stuttgart) was a German clergyman, paleontologist and geologist. He was the father of geologist Eberhard Fraas (1862–1915).

Biography

He studied theology at the University of Tübingen (ministry exam, 1845). He was also deeply interested in natural sciences, and while a student at Tübingen was influenced by geologist Friedrich August von Quenstedt. In 1847 he travelled to Paris, where he attended lectures given by Alcide d'Orbigny and Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont. From 1850 to 1854, he served as a pastor in Laufen an der Eyach, and in the meantime obtained in his doctorate from the University of Würzburg (1851). In 1854 he was named curator of the department of mineralogy and paleontology at the Royal Württemberg museum of natural history in Stuttgart, where he greatly added to its collections of Swabian fossil batrachians, reptiles and mammals.

With Karl Deffner (1817–1877), he conducted a geological survey of Württemberg, and in the field of applied geology, he made contributions towards the Swabian Albwasserversorgung (Schwäbian Alb water supply project). In addition to his geological and paleontological studies of Württemberg, he conducted scientific investigations of the Middle East, based on travels to the region in 1864–65 and 1875. As a result of his Middle Eastern travels in Egypt, Syria and Lebanon, he published the two part Aus dem Orient (1867, 1878).

Fraas was a critic of Darwinism and evolution. He believed in a biblical flood and held creationist views. He authored the book Vor der Sündfluth (Before the Flood) in 1866.

Selected works

  • Die nutzbaren Minerale Württembergs. Stuttgart: Ebner & Seubert, 1860.
  • Vor der Sündfluth (1866)
  • Aus dem Orient, 2 Theile, Stuttgart 1867–1878.
    • [Theil 1], Geologische Beobachtungen am Nil, auf der Sinai-Halbinsel und in Syrien. Stuttgart: Ebner & Seubert, 1867.
    • [Theil 2], Geologische Beobachtungen am Lebanon. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart, 1878.
  • Die geognostische Sammlung Württembergs im Erdgeschoss des Königlichen Naturalien-Cabinets zu Stuttgart. Ein Führer für die Besucher desselben, 1869
  • Geognostiche beschreibung von Württemberg : Baden und Hohenzollern, 1882.
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References
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2011142753
http://isni.org/isni/0000000082322265
http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/sfz68328.html
http://www.idref.fr/140514201
https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_fQ45AAAAcAAJ
https://books.google.com/books?id=ajwFAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA141&lpg=PA141&dq=%22Oscar+Friedrich+von+Fraas%22+1824&source=bl&ots=UBjQVuNvpN&sig=mgovqjSh6Cmj3OOPM6KfJ9NgWFs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CD0Q6AEwBGoVChMI_uzRydz1xwIVgQWSCh2-aAdH#v=onepage&q=%22Oscar%20Friedrich%20von%20Fraas%22%201824&f=false
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116678364
https://de.wikisource.org/wiki/Oscar_Friedrich_von_Fraas
https://viaf.org/viaf/52447811
https://www.idref.fr/140514201
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q98154
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