Odo Marquard (26 February 1928 – 9 May 2015) was a German philosopher. He is considered as a member of the Ritter School.
Marquard was born in Stolp, Farther Pomerania. He studied philosophy, German literature, and theology in Münster and Freiburg. From 1965 to 1993, Marquard held a chair for philosophy at the University of Gießen. In 1984 he was awarded the Sigmund Freud Prize by the Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung.
A proponent of philosophical hermeneutics and skepticism, Marquards work focuses on aspects of human fallibility, contingency and finitude. He rejects idealist, rationalist and universalist conceptions and defends philosophical particularism and pluralism. His essay "In Praise of Polytheism" provoked discussion and controversy in Germany. In it, he promotes secularized polytheism as a political theology.
Criticized by Jürgen Habermas as a representative of German neoconservatism, his philosophy has been described as a form of liberal conservatism with various parallels to postmodern thought and the work of Richard Rorty.
- Schwierigkeiten mit der Geschichtsphilosophie. Suhrkamp (stw 394), Frankfurt am Main 1973, ISBN 3-518-27994-7
- Farewell to Matters of Principle. Philosophical Studies. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press 1989. ISBN 978-0195051148
- In Defense of the Accidental. Philosophical Studies. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press 1991. ISBN 978-0195072525
- Skepsis und Zustimmung. Reclam, Stuttgart 1994, ISBN 3-15-009334-1
- Glück im Unglück. Fink, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-7705-3065-9
- Skepsis in der Moderne. Reclam, Stuttgart 2007, ISBN 3-15-018524-6