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Norbert Lammert
German politician; President of the German Bundestag

Norbert Lammert

Norbert Lammert
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German politician; President of the German Bundestag
Is Politician
From Germany
Field Politics
Gender male
Birth 16 November 1948, Bochum, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Age 73 years
Star sign Scorpio
Politics Christian Democratic Union
Norbert Lammert
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Norbert Lammert (born 16 November 1948) is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). He has been the 12th President of the Bundestag since 2005.

Early life and education

The son of a baker, Lammert attended gymnasium in Bochum where he studied classics. He obtained his abitur in 1967. He carried out military service in the Bundeswehr from 1967 to 1969. Following his military service he went on to the Ruhr University Bochum, which included a period abroad at the University of Oxford, where he studied political science and modern history. He went on and obtained his Ph.D. (Dr. rer. soc.) from the Ruhr University Bochum in 1975.

Political career

Having joined the CDU in 1966, he was deputy chairman of the Bochum branch of the CDU. From 1978–1984, he was deputy leader of a part (Westfalen-Lippe) of the North Rhine-Westphalian branch of the Junge Union, the CDU youth organization. In the 1980 national elections, he was elected to the Bundestag and has kept his mandate continuously until today. During his tenure in the Bundestag he served (as usual for all MdBs) on several committees.

Norbert Lammert in the German Bundestag, 2014

Following the 2005 federal elections in which the CDU became the strongest party and formed a grand coalition with the Social Democratic Party (SPD), Lammert was elected by the Bundestag on 18 October 2005 to replace Wolfgang Thierse of the SPD as its President. Lammert received 564 of 607 votes cast, including most of the SPD's votes. He was reelected to this post by the 17th Bundestag after the 2009 federal election with a similarly good result. In his capacity as president, he chairs the parliament’s Council of Elders, which – among other duties – determines daily legislative agenda items and assigning committee chairpersons based on party representation.

In the negotiations to form a Grand Coalition of the Christian Democrats (CDU together with the Bavarian CSU) and the SPD following the 2013 federal elections, Lammert was part of the CDU/CSU delegation in the working group on cultural and media affairs, led by Michael Kretschmer and Klaus Wowereit.

When Federal President Joachim Gauck announced in June 2016 that we would not stand for reelection, Lammert was soon mentioned by German and international media as likely successor.

In October 2016, Lammert announced that he would not stand in the 2017 federal elections but instead resign from active politics by the end of the parliamentary term.

Political positions

Role of the parliament

Throughout his tenure, Lammert has not shied from speaking out against the government about potential threats to parliament's role. He became widely respected for upholding parliamentarians' rights, including leading the way in condemning the 1915 Armenian massacres as a Turkish genocide in 2016. In 2011, he questioned why the Bundestag had not been consulted on Chancellor Angela Merkel's decision to close all nuclear plants following Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. He has insisted that members of parliament be consulted fully on the bailout schemes for the euro zone debt crisis.

European integration

In 2012, Lammert said he wants a financial transaction tax to be introduced in as many countries as possible, “at least” in the Eurozone. Later that year, he demanded that the EU not take in new members for the time being because of the European debt crisis and also expressed doubts that Croatia was ready to join; Croatia eventually joined the EU in 2013.

Human rights

Following the Charlie Hebdo shooting in 2015, Lammert criticized Saudi Arabia for condemning the Paris attacks as a violation of Islam, "then two days later letting the blogger Raif Badawi be flogged in public in Jeddah for insulting Islam". Ahead of Egyptian president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's first official visit to Germany in June 2015, Lammert announced that he would not meet the former army chief, citing "an unbelievable number of death sentences".

In February 2016, Lammert visited the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan to learn more about the plight of Syrians fleeing the violence in the ongoing Syrian civil war that erupted in 2011.

Controversy

Party financing

In December 2010, Lammert imposed on the CDU a fine of 1.2 million euros ($1.6 million) for breaching party donation rules, for party funding violations in the western state of Rhineland-Palatinate at the time of the regional election in 2006.

Plagiarism allegations

In July 2013, an anonymous internet blogger, using the name of Robert Schmidt, accused Lammert of having plagiarized other works when writing his dissertation. Lammert rejected this reproach and asked the University of Bochum to check his dissertation; he also published it via internet. High-ranking politicians of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and of the German Green Party underlined that there should be no condemnation(s) in advance.

Other activities

  • Evonik Industries, Member of the Supervisory Board (2005-2007)
  • Federal Cultural Foundation, ex-officio Member of the Board of Trustees
  • Goethe-Institut, Member of the General Meeting
  • Institute for Advanced Study, Member of the Board of Trustees (2009-2013)
  • Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Deputy Chairman of the Executive Board
  • Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Chairman of the Board of Trustees
  • musikFabrik, Member of the Board of Trustees
  • Norbert Lammert Foundation, Chairman of the Board of Trustees
  • RAG AG, Member of the Supervisory Board
  • RTL Television, Member of the Program Committee (1998-2007)
  • Ruhrfestspiele, Member of the Supervisory Board
  • Ruhr University Bochum, Member of the Board of Trustees (2002-2008)

Personal life

Lammert is member of the Catholic Church. He is married to Gertrud and has four children.

Literature

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The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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