Nguyễn Minh Triết (born October 8, 1942) was president of Vietnam from 2006 to 2011. He was elected by the National Assembly of Vietnam with 464 votes (94%) on June 27, 2006. He was previously the head of the Communist Party of Vietnam in Ho Chi Minh City. The presidency of Vietnam is a ceremonial position and the Politburo decides government policy. Triết was the fourth ranking member of the Politburo from 2006 to 2011. His term as president expired in July. Senior Politburo member Trương Tấn Sang succeeded him.
Life and career
Triet was born in Bến Cát District, Bình Dương Province. After studying Mathematics in Saigon, Triet joined the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1965 in southern Vietnam, during the Second Indochina War (Vietnam War) that involved the United States. He is among the top leaders of Vietnam who are native southerners and one of the few that had not regrouped to the North following the division of the country in 1954 (he was only 12 at the time). In 1992, he was appointed party chief of southern Sông Bé Province. He guided the largely agricultural province into an attractive destination for foreign direct investment.
He ascended to the Politburo in 1997 and became Party head of Ho Chi Minh City in 2000. In that position, he oversaw a campaign against organized crime and corruption, including the arrest and execution of underworld kingpin Truong Van Cam, known as Năm Cam.