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Nguyen Hoang

Nguyen Hoang Vietnamese ruler

Vietnamese ruler
Nguyen Hoang
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Vietnamese ruler
Was Monarch Ruler
From Vietnam
Type Military Royals
Gender male
Birth 28 August 1525, Thanh Hóa, Vietnam
Death 20 July 1613, Đàng Trong, Vietnam (aged 87 years)
Star sign VirgoVirgo
Mother: Nguyễn Thị Mai
Father: Nguyen Kim
Siblings: Nguyễn UôngNguyễn Thị Ngọc Bảo
Spouse: Empress Gia Dụ
Children: Nguyen Phuc NguyenestekhdamestekhdamestekhdamestekhdamNguyễn Phúc HiệpNguyễn Phúc TrạchestekhdamTôn Thất KhêNguyễn Thị Ngọc Tú
The details


Nguyễn Hoàng (28 August 1525 – 20 July 1613) was the first of the Nguyễn lords who ruled the southern provinces of Vietnam between 1558 and 1613, from a series of cities: Ai Tu (1558–70), Tra Bat (1570–1600), and Dinh Cat (modern-day Huế) (1600–13).

Map of Vietnam showing the conquest of the South, Nguyễn Hoàng ruled over the dark green,green and blue areas.

He was the second son of Nguyễn Kim. When his father was assassinated by a Mạc supporter, his brother-in-law Trịnh Kiểm took command of the Lê royalist army. Sometime after his older brother (Nguyen Uong) died (believed to have been poisoned), Nguyễn Hoàng requested his brother in law, and was appointed to govern the southern-most province of Vietnam. This land was formerly Champa territory which had been conquered by Lê Thánh Tông and at the time was under control of Mạc force. Nguyễn Hoàng defeated the enemy commander Duke Lập and took over the province in 1558. In 1573 he was given the title Grand Master (Thai-pho) by Emperor Le The Ton. Later he was given the title Duke of Mon (Mon Cong).

In 1592, when Trịnh Tùng laid siege to the Eastern Capital (modern-day Hanoi), Nguyễn Hoàng lend him resources and troops. The Nguyen army joined the Royal (Trịnh) army and helped destroy the remainder of the Mac army. For reasons that are mysterious, when the new Emperor, Lê Kinh Tông, ascended the throne, Nguyễn Hoàng refused to recognize the new sovereign and instead took for himself the new title of Good Prince (Huu Vuong) in 1600. Perhaps an explanation is found in that his nephew Trịnh Tùng had been given a similar title just one year earlier: Pacifying Prince (Binh An Vuong). Nguyễn Hoàng had many children (10 sons) but most of them either lost their lives in the battlefields or stayed in the North. His 6th son Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên succeeded him upon his death in 1613. He ruled the south for 55 years.

The reason Trịnh Kiểm appointed Nguyễn Hoàng to the Southern provinces is not clear. As anecdote goes, Trinh Kiểm, being afraid of losing power to Nguyễn brothers, ordered the assassination of Nguyễn Hoàng's older brother. As for Hoang, Trịnh Kiểm wanted to take advantage of Mạc's southern garrison troops to eliminate his brother in law.

Nguyễn Hoàng is considered as the founder of the Nguyen Dynasty and Southern Vietnam. In 2013, his 400th anniversary was celebrated in Hue.


  • Encyclopedia of Asian History, Volume 3 (Nguyen Lords) 1988. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • [Genealogy of the Royal Nguyen Family]
  • Annam and its Minor Currency Chapter 16 (downloaded May 2006)
Vietnamese royalty
Preceded by
Nguyễn Kim
Nguyễn lords Succeeded by
Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên
title established Lord of Cochinchina
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 28 Apr 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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