Needham Bryant Broughton (1848–1914) was a wealthy businessman and Democratic politician in Raleigh, North Carolina in the 19th and early 20th centuries. He owned a prosperous printing business. Broughton was a large contributor to and supporter of education. Needham B. Broughton High School was named in his honor.
Needham B. Broughton was born on February 14, 1848 near Auburn, North Carolina. His parents were Joseph Broughton and Mary Bagwell, the former of whom died in 1854.
In 1856, Broughton came to Raleigh, North Carolina and studied in public schools for three years. Afterwards he was hired as an apprentice to John W. Syme, an attorney for The Raleigh Register, a position he held until 1864. With the end of the Civil War he moved to Washington, D. C. and worked on the Congressional Globe. Later, he went to New York City and set type for the New York Herald. In 1872, Broughton returned to Raleigh and established the Edwards & Broughton Printing Company with C. B. Edwards.
In the late 1880s, Needham B. Broughton led a successful lobbying campaign in the North Carolina General Assembly to secure funding for an 8-month public school.
Broughton served on the state Board of Agriculture in the 1890s and as a state senator from 1901-1902. Broughton was also a key supporter of Prohibition and was elected president of the North Carolina Anti-Saloon League in 1902. He was active in the Baptist church, and served as a trustee of Wake Forest College and of Meredith College.
Broughton was buried in the Historic Oakwood Cemetery of downtown Raleigh.
Years after Broughton's death, C. B. Edwards sent a letter to the Raleigh Public School board, requesting that the new high school in Raleigh (then without a name) be named for Broughton in honor of his service to public education in the city. The dedication ceremony for Needham B. Broughton High School took place in 1930 towards the end of the school year.