|Intro||Indian politician - Narendra DamodarDas Modi|
|A.K.A.||Modi, NaMo, Narendrabhai, Narendrabhai Modi, Narendra Damodardas Modi|
|Birth||September 17, 1950 (Vadnagar)|
|Residence||7, Lok Kalyan Marg|
|Politics||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Education||Gujarat University, University of Delhi|
Narendra Damodardas Modi, is the 14th and the current Prime Minister of India. He is the leader of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and has been in the office since 26 May 2014. Until then, he was the chief minister of the state of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014.
Modi is known, and well-respected for his leadership and business-friendly policies.
- Narendra Modi was born on 17 September 1950 in Vadnagar, a town in the northern Mehsana district of Gujarat.
- His father, Damodardas Mulchand Modi, was a grocer, and his mother Hiraben Modi, was a house-wife.
- In his early childhood days, Modi helped his father sell tea at the Vadnagar railway station. Later, with his brother, he ran a tea kiosk near a bus station in Ahmedabad.
Education and early years
- Modi did his schooling in Vadnagar, and graduated with a degree in Political Science from Gujarat University.
- One of his teachers at the school described him as an average student with a keen interest in debating and theater.
- At theaters, he often played heroic, larger-than-life characters, which eventually shaped his political personality and image.
- After finishing his schooling in 1967, he left home and traveled across Northern and North-eastern India to learn about it, and explore its diverse culture and landscape.
- Later, Modi received a Master of Arts degree in political science from Gujarat University in 1982.
- People close to Modi have often said that Modi was influenced by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda, and had subscribed to Vivekananda's philosophy in his life.
- Modi was always interested in politics and it was reflected in the choice of his education, and his extra-curricular works at his college.
- At the age of eight, Modi was introduced to Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) - a political organization which was founded in 1925 by Keshav Baliram Hedgewar as part of India's freedom struggle against the British rule.
- Modi began to regularly attend RSS local branch, where he worked with his political mentor Lakshmanrao Inamdar.
- Modi's political career and ambitions were deeply influenced by his early acquaintances at RSS.
- After the India-Pakistan war in 1971, Modi became a full-time campaigner for the RSS.
- In June 1975, the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, imposed national emergency and banned several opposition groups, including the RSS. During this period, to avoid arrest, Modi remained underground and traveled in disguise. He began printing flyers and organizing demonstrations opposing the present government. Around this time, he also wrote a book in Gujarati, "Sangharsh ma Gujarat" (The Struggles of Gujarat,) describing the horrible events during the Emergency.
- He joined Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1985 and was made the organization secretary of its Gujarat Unit in 1987.
- He showed signs of his political acumen and leadership by winning Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation elections for BJP. He played a major role in invigorating BJP’s presence in Gujarat after the 1990 Gujarat Assembly elections.
- Modi continued to rise within the party and was critical in the party's victory in the 1995 state assembly elections.
- In November of 1995, Modi moved to New Delhi after being elected as national secretary for BJP. During this time, he assumed responsibility for party operations in the states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
Chief Minister of Gujarat (2001–14)
- In October 2001, Modi became the Chief Minister of Gujarat. In the election, he defeated Ashwin Mehta of the Indian National Congress (INC) by 14,728 votes.
- In February 2002, intense communal riots erupted in retaliation to burning of Hindu pilgrims in a train near Godhra in Gujarat. It is estimated that around 2,000 people of Hindu and Muslim faith were killed in the riots.
- Modi was accused of not doing enough to curb the riots, although, the Modi government had imposed a curfew in the major cities, issued shoot-at-sight orders and called for the army to prevent further escalation of the violence.
- After investigations by a Special Investigation Team (SIT), Modi was exonerated by the Supreme Court due to lack of evidence of his involvement in the violence.
- Modi criticised the news media, specifically, a few journalists at NDTV for acting irresponsibly in their coverage of the events.
Prime Minister of India (2014-)
- Under the leadership of Modi, BJP won a historic 282 of 534 seats in the 2014 elections, defeating the ruling party led by the Indian National Congress.
- His victory in 2014 elections was regarded as the political departure from a Nehruvian, socialist state towards a capitalist and nationalist state.
- As the Chief Minister of Gujarat, Modi made numerous business-friendly economic policies and turned the state into a lucrative investment destination for businesspeople from India and abroad.
- His well-grounded governance significantly improved the business and agriculture of Gujarat, and it is said that it contributed to his landslide victory in the national elections in 2014.
- He overhauled the state's electricity distribution system by separating agricultural electricity from rural electricity, and his efforts helped bring electricity to most villages in the area.
- As Prime Minister of India, Modi launched several ambitious projects such as " Make in India", "Swachch Bharat", and "Clean Ganga" among others.
- He has given special emphasis towards improving bilateral relations with other countries of the world.
- He was voted Time Readers' 2016 person of the year.
Narendra Modi with Belgian PM Charles Michel