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Moses Pallache

Moses Pallache

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Gender male
The details

Moses Pallache (died 1650), was a Jewish-Moroccan-born merchant and diplomat of the Pallache family, who emerged as leader of his second generation.


Pallache was born to father Joseph Pallache; his uncle was Samuel Pallache.

He studied languages at the University of Leiden without registering there.


Thanks to his many languages known, as a young man he was able to help his father and uncle prepare important negotiations, for which they rewarded him.

The States General of the Netherlands considered him a jeune homme de bonne expectation et fort qualifié et entendu en affaires et plusieurs langages ("young man of good prospects, very qualified, and knowledgeable in business affairs and several languages").

He partook in a mission to Istanbul (1614-1616).

After the death of his uncle Samuel, he went to live in Morocco and served at the court of Fez, where 1622–1642 he served as European secretary and interpreter. He became a chief interpreter and translator from Spanish, Dutch, and French into Arabic for the rules of Morocco. During those years, he served under four sultans of Morocco (1618 to 1650): Muley Zaydan (1603–1627), Muley Abd al-Malik (1623–1627), Muley al-Walid (1631–1636), and Muley Muhammad al-Shakh al-Saghir (1636–1655). "He became a very important and influential figure at the Moroccan court, responsible for international and diplomatic dealings."

His name appears in English records from 1636 to his death. It also appears in the Spanish translation of a 1638 treaty between the English and Moroccans.

His prominence in Morocco led many relatives to return there from the Netherlands, including his brothers Joshua and Abraham. Joshua became a tax official. Abraham set up in the port of Safi, where he provisioned ships and served as unofficial consult for the Dutch.


Pallache probably died in Morocco around 1650.

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