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Moses Hirschel

Moses Hirschel

German chess player
The basics
About
Occupations Chess player Author
Countries Germany
A.K.A. Christian Moritz Hirschel
Gender male
Birth September 13, 1754 (Wrocław)
Death 1823
Authority ISNI id BIBSYS id VIAF id
The details
Biography

Maskil Moses Hirschel (13 September 1754, Breslau – ca. 1823) was a German writer and chess author.

Hirschel was a representative of the Haskalah, or Jewish Enlightenment, in Kingdom of Prussia toward the end of the 18th century.

He published the first German translation of the chess writings of Gioachino Greco, together with a re-edition of Philipp Stamma in Das Schach des Herrn Giochimo Greco Calabrois und die Schachspiel Geheimniße des Arabers Philipp Stamma übersezt, verbeßert und nach einer ganz neuen Methode zur Erleichterung der Spielenden umgearbeitet (Breslau 1784, Nachdruck Zürich: Olms 1979 und 1987). Hirschel's translation of the two chess classics was significant as their publication helped to popularize algebraic notationin Germany.

He also wrote Ueber das Schachspiel, dessen Nutzen, Gebrauch und Mißbrauch, psychologisch, moralisch und scientisisch erörtert (Breslau 1791).

Hirschel also published the following polemic works which were influential in the inner Jewish debates of the late 18th Century: Kampf der Jüdischen Hierarchie (Breslau 1789); Jüdische Intoleranz und Fanatismus in Breslau (1789); Patriotische Bemerkungen (1790); Ueber die Allzufrühen Ehen der Jüdischen Nation (Breslau 1790); Biographie des Jüdischen Gelehrten und Dichters Ephraim Moses Kuh (Zurich, 1791); Apologie der Menschenrechte (Zurich, 1793); Vier Briefe über Schlesien (Breslau 1796).

Disappointed with the lack of reform within the Breslau Rabbinat at the time, Hirschel 'converted' to Catholicism in 1803 taking the name "Christian Moritz Herschel".

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References
http://isni.org/isni/0000000400144282
http://www.haskala.net/autoren/hirschel01/biographie.html
http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?letter=H&artid=785
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90134620
https://books.google.com/books?id=Z_QWAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover
https://d-nb.info/gnd/144000784
https://viaf.org/viaf/5305084
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q98221
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/5305084
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