Moritz von Aberle (25 April 1819 – 3 November 1875) was a German Catholic theologian.
Born at Rottum, near Biberach, in Swabia, he died at Tübingen. He became professor in the Obergymnasium, at Ehingen, in 1845; director of the Wilhelmstift, in 1848; professor of moral theology and New Testament exegesis in the university at Tübingen, in 1850, a position he retained till the day of his death.
He had a considerable number of pupils in both branches, but he was especially devoted to Scriptural studies. He emphasized the activity of the human bearers of revelation, without changing it into a purely natural process. Von Aberle published the results of his investigations in a series of articles. The main thoughts of these articles were collected and published under the title "Introduction to the New Testament", by Dr. Paul Schanz (Freiburg, 1877). Aberle's view that the Gospels and the Book of Acts are apologetic writings, meeting certain needs of the Apostolic times, cannot be sustained. He took also an active part in the struggle for ecclesiastical liberty in Württemberg, and his strong newspaper articles forced the State to arrange Church matters on a tolerable basis.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Moritz von Aberle". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.