Miller Altman Anderson (December 27, 1922 – October 29, 1965) was an American diver, who won his first national diving championship in 1942, in the 3-meter springboard. A flyer during World War II, he was forced to parachute from his plane on his 112th mission, and his left leg was severely injured. A silver plate was inserted into his knee, and he had to learn to dive all over again after the war.
Representing Ohio State, Anderson won the NCAA 3-meter championship, the national 1-meter championship, and the national 3-meter championship in 1946, 1947, and 1948. He also won silver medals in the springboard event at the 1948 and 1952 Summer Olympics. Anderson was the first to perform a forward one-and-a-half somersault with two twists and a backward one-and-a-half with one twist.
Anderson died of a heart attack in his home on October 29, 1965, aged 42. In 1967 he was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame.