Michael Žygimantaitis
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Michael Žygimantaitis

Michael Žygimantaitis Lithuanian noble

Lithuanian noble
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Lithuanian noble
Countries Lithuania
Occupations Noble
Type Royals
Gender male
Death Moscow
Father: Sigismund Kęstutaitis
The details

Michael Žygimantaitis (Lithuanian: Mykolas Žygimantaitis, Polish: Michał Bolesław Zygmuntowicz; before 1406 – shortly before February 10, 1452 in Moscow) was the last male descendant of Kęstutis, Grand Duke of Lithuania. He supported his father Sigismund Kęstutaitis in power struggles with Švitrigaila. In 1435 he led his father's army to victory in the Battle of Pabaiskas. After his father's assassination in 1440, Michael unsuccessfully fought against Casimir IV Jagiellon for the title of the Grand Duke of Lithuania. At first Michael was supported by Samogitia, but in 1441 Casimir issued a privilege confirming Samogitia's semi-autonomous status and thus avoiding a civil war. Until 1447 he was supported by Dukes of Masovia. In 1448 Michael asked help from the Crimean Khanate. With their help he attacked and shortly took control of Kiev, Starodub, Novhorod-Siversky. Soon he was captured and transported to the Grand Duchy of Moscow where he died under unclear circumstances (possibly poisoned). He was buried in Vilnius Cathedral.
At different times Michael was married to two daughters of Alexandra of Lithuania and Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia. In total he had three wives, all from Masovia: Anna (died in 1435), Eufemia (died in 1436), and Catherine (died in 1479/80).

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