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Michael Mullen

Michael Mullen

U.S. Navy admiral and 17th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro U.S. Navy admiral and 17th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Countries United States of America
Occupations Officer
A.K.A. Mike Mullen, Michael Glenn Mullen
Gender male
Birth October 4, 1946 (Los Angeles)
Education Harvard Business School, Harvard University
Michael Mullen
The details
Biography

Michael Glenn "Mike" Mullen, AO, MSC (born October 4, 1946) is a retired United States Navy admiral, who served as the 17th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from October 1, 2007, to September 30, 2011.
Mullen previously served as the Navy's 28th Chief of Naval Operations from July 22, 2005, to September 29, 2007. He was only the third officer in the Navy's history to be appointed to four different four-star assignments; the other appointments being the Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe and Commander, Allied Joint Force Command Naples from October 2004 to May 2005, and as the 32nd Vice Chief of Naval Operations from August 2003 to August 2004. As Chairman, Mullen was the highest-ranking officer in the United States Armed Forces. He retired from the Navy after over 43 years of service. Mullen is now a Professor at Princeton University.

Early life and education

Mullen was born on October 4, 1946, from Los Angeles, the eldest of five children of Mary Jane (Glenn), who worked as an assistant to comedian Jimmy Durante, and Hollywood press agent John Edward "Jack" Mullen. He attended St. Charles Borromeo Church Elementary School in North Hollywood, and graduated from Notre Dame High School, Sherman Oaks in 1964. Mullen then attended the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, as a recruited basketball player, and was classmates with former Commandant of the Marine Corps Michael Hagee, former Chief of Naval Operations Jay L. Johnson, former Secretary of the Navy and Senator from Virginia Jim Webb, former NSC staff member, political commentator, and author Oliver North, former Director of National Intelligence Dennis C. Blair, and NASA administrator Charles Bolden. He graduated in 1968.

Along with his congeniality, [he] displayed fine leadership qualities. With his well rounded personality, his enthusiasm, and his desire to do his best, Navy-Air is indeed getting an outstanding officer.

—1968 Lucky Bag, USNA college yearbook

Career

 
Mullen at the Pentagon during the September 11 attacks in 2001

As a junior officer, he served in various leadership positions aboard USS Collett (DD-730), USS Blandy (DD-943), USS Fox (CG-33) and USS Sterett (CG-31). He has commanded three ships: the gasoline tanker USS Noxubee (AOG-56), the guided missile destroyer USS Goldsborough (DDG-20), and the guided missile cruiser USS Yorktown (CG-48); and has also commanded Cruiser-Destroyer Group Two from USS George Washington (CVN-73). Mullen’s last command at sea was as Commander, U.S. Second Fleet/Commander, NATO Striking Fleet Atlantic (COMSTRIKFLTLANT).

In 1985, Mullen graduated from the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA, with a Master of Science degree in Operations Research, and in 1991, he completed the Harvard Business School Advanced Management Program.

Mullen served as Company Officer and Executive Assistant to the Commandant of Midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy. He also served in the Bureau of Naval Personnel as Director, Chief of Planning and Provisions, Surface Officer Distribution and in the Office of the Secretary of Defense on the staff of the Director, Operational Test and Evaluation. On the Chief of Naval Operations' staff, Mullen served as Deputy Director and Director of Surface Warfare and as Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Resources, Requirements, and Assessments (N8). He was the 32nd Vice Chief of Naval Operations from August 2003 to October 2004.

 
Mike Mullen is interviewed by Journalist 1st Class Tony Sisti assigned to Navy Marine Corps News (NMCN) at Naval Media Center Anacostia, July 26, 2005

He was recognized by his peers in 1987 with the Vice Admiral James Bond Stockdale Award for Inspirational Leadership skill. He is one of 53 naval officers to be recognized by this award since its inception in 1980.

 
Then-Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Mullen with Secretary of the Navy Donald Winter and MCPON Terry D. Scott, February 2006
 
President George W. Bush (at lectern) announces the nominations of Mullen (second from left) and James Cartwright (far left) to be Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, respectively, on June 28, 2007, at the Roosevelt Room of the White House.
 
Mullen speaking at a State Department event, 2011
 
Mullen (left) with Rear-Admiral Ronnie Tay, Chief of the Republic of Singapore Navy, in 2007
 
Mullen awarding U.S. Army captain Gregory Ambrosia the Silver Star at Korengal Outpost, Afghanistan, July 11, 2008
 
Mullen poses with a member of the U.S. Air Force during a USO visit to Southwest Asia, March 2010
 
Mullen photographed with President Obama and other members of the U.S. national security team watching the events of Operation Neptune's Spear unfold, on May 1, 2011

As Commander, Allied Joint Force Command Naples, Mullen had operational responsibility for NATO missions in the Balkans, Iraq, and the Mediterranean. As Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe, he was responsible for providing overall command, operational control, and coordination of U.S. naval forces in the European Command area of responsibility. He assumed these duties on October 8, 2004, and was relieved of them upon his becoming Chief of Naval Operations.

On October 29, 2006, the Honolulu Advertiser published an op-ed by Mullen that defined the concept of the 1,000-ship navy. However Admiral Gary Roughead, Mullen's successor as Chief of Naval Operations, rejected Mullen's concept in favor of a more inclusive vision that includes non-governmental organizations and cooperation with non-allied countries.

Joint Chiefs of Staff

On June 8, 2007, Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates announced that he would advise President George W. Bush to nominate Mullen to succeed General Peter Pace as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Bush announced the nomination formally on June 28, 2007.

On August 3, 2007, the U.S. Senate confirmed Mullen as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Mullen was sworn in on October 1, 2007. Upon taking office, Mullen became the first naval officer to hold the Chairman's position since Admiral William Crowe, who served as Chairman prior to the enactment of the Goldwater-Nichols Act in 1986, and who was the immediate predecessor to Army general and later United States Secretary of State Colin Powell.

On March 18, 2009, Gates recommended to President Barack Obama that Mullen be re-nominated for a second term as chairman of the Joint Chiefs. He was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on September 25, 2009 and began his second term on October 1, 2009.

On February 2, 2010, Mullen and Gates said that they fully supported President Obama’s decision to end the "Don't ask, don't tell" law, which prevented openly gay people from serving in the military. “It is my personal belief that allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly would be the right thing to do,” Mullen said at a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing. “No matter how I look at the issue...I cannot escape being troubled by the fact that we have in place a policy which forces young men and women to lie about who they are in order to defend their fellow citizens...For me, it comes down to integrity – theirs as individuals and ours as an institution.”

2007 Senate testimony regarding the Iraq War

During Mullen's Senate confirmation hearings for his first term nomination as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Mullen identified political progress in Iraq as a critical component of Iraq policy. He noted that, "there does not appear to be much political progress" in Iraq. He also said, "If [the Iraqis] aren't making progress in [the political] realm, the prospects for movement in a positive direction are not very good. Failure to achieve tangible progress toward [political] reconciliation requires a strategic reassessment." Mullen further told the Senate that the United States needs to "bring as much pressure on [Iraq's political leaders] as [the U.S.] possibly can."

Regarding the length and scope of the U.S. involvement in Iraq, Mullen told the Senate that while he does not envision permanent U.S. bases in Iraq, "vital interests in the region and in Iraq require a pragmatic, long-term commitment that will be measured in years, not months."

Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010

President Obama, Secretary of Defense Panetta and Admiral Mullen provided the certification required by the Act to Congress on July 22, 2011. Implementation of repeal was completed 60 days later, so that DADT was no longer policy as of September 20, 2011.

Views on use of military force

In a speech at Kansas State University, Mullen outlined his views about the best application of military force in present times. He characterized most wars, such as World War II, as wars of attrition, where the reduction or elimination of enemy forces signaled victory. He characterized the Cold War as an issue of containment. In characterizing the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, he described them as "a fight against a syndicate of Islamic extremists led by al-Qaeda and supported by a host of both state and non-state actors", citing the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan as their "epicenter".

Mullen outlined three principles about the "proper use of modern military forces":

  • Military power should not be the last resort of the state: Mullen pointed to the readiness and capacity of military forces to respond to crises as reason to deploy them sooner, rather than later, in response. "We can, merely by our presence, help alter certain behavior."
  • Force should be applied in a precise and principled way: Mullen cites the sacrifice involved in deployment as requiring extreme care. Secondly, Mullen argues that "the battlefield isn’t necessarily a field anymore. It’s in the minds of the people." He cites General McChrystal's restriction of night raids as an example of this 2nd principle in action.
  • Policy and strategy should constantly engage with one another: Given that current engagements are open-ended, Mullen posits that military strategy must be more constantly engaged with policy. "...war has never been a set-piece affair. The enemy adapts to your strategy and you adapt to his." He cites the review process which led to the current Afghanistan escalation as a model of engagement between military leaders and policy makers.

Retirement

President Barack Obama nominated General Martin E. Dempsey as the next chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on Memorial Day. Dempsey had been sworn in as Army chief of staff the previous month. On September 30, 2011, Mullen officially retired from the military when his term as Chairman ended.

In December 2012, one year into his retirement, the Admiral was in the news again, for having been the target of a computer hacking, a situation that led to subsequent FBI investigations. In 2013, Mullen joined the board of General Motors.

On July 11, 2013, Mullen was put on the Board of Directors of Sprint Nextel Corp (NYSE:S) directly after a buyout from SoftBank, one of Japan's largest cellular companies.

Mullen was vetted by Michael Bloomberg to be his running mate in the United States Presidential Election, 2016, but Bloomberg decided against running.

Military awards

 
Admiral Mullen's medals as of May 17, 2007

U.S. military decorations

RibbonDescriptionNotes
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Defense Distinguished Service Medalwith three bronze oak leaf clusters
Gold star
Navy Distinguished Service Medalwith one gold award star
Ribbon of the DSSMDefense Superior Service Medal 
Silver star
Legion of Meritwith one silver award star
Ribbon of the MSMMeritorious Service Medal 
Ribbon of the NMCCMNavy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal 
Ribbon of the NMCAMNavy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal 
Ribbon of the NUCNavy Unit Commendation Ribbon 
Ribbon of the NMUCNavy Meritorious Unit Commendation Ribbon 
Ribbon of the USN – Battle ENavy "E" Ribbonwith Wreathed Battle E device
Ribbon of the NEMNavy Expeditionary Medal 
Bronze star
Bronze star
National Defense Service Medalwith two bronze service stars
Ribbon of the AFEMArmed Forces Expeditionary Medal 
Bronze star
Vietnam Service Medalwith one bronze star
Ribbon of the GWTSMGlobal War on Terrorism Service Medal 
Bronze star
Humanitarian Service Medalwith one bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbonwith three bronze stars
Bronze star
Navy Overseas Service Ribbonwith one bronze star

Non-U.S. decorations

RibbonIssuing nation/organisationDescriptionDate awardedNotes
NOMRepublic of ChileNational Order of Merit (Commander)  
Ribbon of the Grand Officer of the Order of MeritRepublic of ItalyOrder of Merit of the Italian RepublicApril 14, 2007 
Ribbon of the Legion of Honor, Knight degreeFrench RepublicNational Order of the Legion of HonourMay 12, 2007 
Medal of the Order of AustraliaCommonwealth of AustraliaHonorary Officer of the Order of Australia (Military Division)November 5, 2010For distinguished service to the military relationship between Australia and the USA as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, USA
Ribbon of the Federal Cross of MeritFederal Republic of GermanyFederal Cross of MeritJune 9, 2011For concern for German soldiers, his role in strengthening the close German-American friendship, and his services to the Federal Republic of Germany
Ribbon of the VGCRepublic of VietnamVietnam Gallantry Cross (device(s) unknown)  
Ribbon of the VCAMRepublic of VietnamVietnam Civil Actions Medal 1st Class  
Ribbon of the Meritorious Service CrossCanadaMeritorious Service Cross2013 
Ribbon of the VGCRepublic of VietnamGallantry Cross Unit Citation Ribbon  
Ribbon of the VCAMRepublic of VietnamCivil Actions Unit Citation Ribbon  
NATO Medal Yugoslavia ribbon bar.svgNATONATO Medal for Former Yugoslavia  
Vietnam Campaign Medal Ribbon.pngRepublic of VietnamVietnam Campaign Medal  

Badges

BadgeDescription
Surface Warfare Officer Insignia.pngNavy Surface Warfare Badge (Officer)
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg
Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge

Other awards

In 1987, Mullen was awarded the Vice Admiral James Bond Stockdale Award for Inspirational Leadership. In 2009 the U.S. veterans group Soldier On awarded Admiral Mullen the first Soldier On Award, created for them by sculptor Andrew DeVries. The Soldier On Award recognizes individuals whose leadership and actions have advanced the goal of ending veteran homelessness.

In 2010, he was appointed an Honorary Officer of the Order of Australia.

An auditorium was dedicated in his name March 1, 2012, before a graduation ceremony at the Surface Warfare Officers School in Newport, Rhode Island.

Personal life

 
Mike Mullen (as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, Dec 20, 2009). Mullen and his wife Deborah are hosting the USO Holiday Troop Visit with tennis star Anna Kournikova, comedian Dave Attell, tennis coach Nicholas Bollettiere and musician Billy Ray Cyrus visiting troops in Afghanistan, Iraq and Germany.

Mullen is married to Deborah and together they have two sons, LT John Stewart Mullen, and LT Michael Edward Mullen, who also both attended Annapolis and now serve as commissioned officers in the U.S. Navy.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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