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Maximilian Fretter-Pico

Maximilian Fretter-Pico

German general
The basics
Occupations Military personnel
Countries Germany
Gender male
Birth February 6, 1892 (Karlsruhe)
Death April 4, 1984 (Kreuth)
Authority Library of congress id Openlibrary id VIAF id
Maximilian Fretter-Pico
The details

Maximilian Fretter-Pico (6 February 1892 – 4 April 1984) was a German general during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany.
Fretter-Pico was born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Fretter-Pico entered service in 1910 with the Imperial German Army and served in World War I. During the inter-war years, he remained in the German military; in 1938, he was posted to Turkey as a military attaché. During Operation Barbarossa, the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union, Fretter-Pico commanded of the 97th Jäger Division in Army Group South. On 27 December 1941, he was given command of XXX Corps, which participated in the Battle of Sevastopol in southern Ukraine. Fretter-Pico was promoted to a full general in June 1942. He remained the commanding officer of XXX Corps until mid-1944, and then commanded the 6th Army for the remainder of the year. In March 1945, he was given command of IX Corps, an under-strength reserve unit. He surrendered to the American forces on 22 April 1945 and was interned until 1947. Fretter-Pico died at Bad Wiessee in Bavaria, Germany.


Family grave at the Cemetery IV of the Jerusalem and New Church in Berlin-Kreuzberg.
  • Iron Cross (1914) 2nd Class (12 October 1914) & 1st Class (23 December 1916)
  • Knight's Cross 2nd Class of the Order of the Zähringer Lion with Swords (10 October 1914)
  • Hanseatic Cross of Hamburg (20 January 1918)
  • Wound Badge in Black (June 1918)
  • Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939) 2nd Class (31 October 1939) & 1st Class (16 June 1940)
  • West Wall Medal (22 November 1940)
  • German Cross in Gold on 19 September 1942 as General der Artillerie and commanding general of the XXX. Armeekorps
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
    • Knight's Cross on 26 December 1941 as Generalmajor and commander of the 97. Infanterie-Division
    • 368th Oak leaves on 16 January 1944 as General der Artillerie and commanding general of the XXX. Armeekorps
  • Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 30 October 1944
  • ^ Wegmann 2010, p. 163.
  • Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 122.
  • ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 318.

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