Otto Ferdinand Maximilian Leopold Freiherr von der Goltz (April 19, 1838 – December 20, 1906) was an Admiral of the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine).
Goltz was born in Königsberg, Prussia. He joined the Prussian Navy in 1853, and became an Fähnrich zur See (midshipman) 1859, and Kapitänleutnant (lieutenant) in 1865, and Korvettenkapitän in 1870. He was then at the Navy Ministry.
Now a captain (Kapitän zur See), he made several trips as commander of the corvette Augusta to South America (Brazil) and West Indies. Between 1877 and 1882 he was senior director of the shipyard in Kiel and reorganized the yard. He was then chief of the Mediterranean Squadron during the conflict in Egypt and in 1883 briefly became commander of the German East Asia Squadron (Ostasiengeschwader) before being appointed Konteradmiral (rear admiral) and chief of the German Imperial Admiralty. Five years later he was made Vizeadmiral and appointed commander (Marinetstationschef) of the North Sea Naval Station (Marinestation der Nordsee) at Wilhelmshaven. In 1889 he became commanding admiral of the Kaiserliches Oberkommando der Marine (Naval High Command) and in 1892 Goltz finally became a full Admiral.
On 13 May 1895 von der Goltz resigned his position for health reasons. He died on 20 December 1906 in Potsdam.