Richard Max Ritter (November 7, 1886 – May 24, 1974) was a German freestyle and backstroke swimmer who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
He was born in Magdeburg and died in Montgomery, Pennsylvania.
In 1908 he was eliminated in the semi-finals of the 100 metre backstroke competition.
Four years later at the 1912 Olympics he was eliminated in the quarter-finals of the 100 metre freestyle event. In the 400 metre freestyle competition he won his heat in the first round and advance to the next round but he did not start in his semi-final heat. He was also a member of the German relay team which finished fourth in the 4x200 metre freestyle relay event.