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Matthias Sammer

Matthias Sammer

German footballer and manager
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German footballer and manager
A.K.A. Sammer
Countries Germany German Democratic Republic
Occupations Association football player Association football manager
Gender male
Birth 5 September 1967 (Dresden)
Star sign Virgo
Family
Father: Klaus Sammer
Stats
Height: 180 cm
Weight: 75 kg
Matthias Sammer
The details
Biography

Matthias Sammer (German pronunciation: [maˈtiːas ˈzamɐ]; born 5 September 1967) is a retired German footballer and coach who last worked as sporting director of Bayern Munich. He played as a defensive midfielder, and later in his career as a sweeper.

With Borussia Dortmund as a player, Sammer won the Bundesliga and DFL-Supercup in 1995, the Bundesliga, DFL-Supercup, and European Footballer of the Year in 1996, and the UEFA Champions League and Intercontinental Cup in 1997. With Germany as a player, Sammer won the UEFA Euro 1996, where he was named the tournament's best player, and was subsequently awarded the Ballon d'Or later that year. Sammer retired with 74 total caps, 23 for East Germany and 51 for the unified side.

With Sammer as a manager, Borussia Dortmund won the Bundesliga in 2002.

Club career

Sammer in 1990, with the FDGB-Pokal trophy

Dynamo Dresden

Sammer started his career at Dynamo Dresden when he joined the club's youth team as a nine-year-old in 1976. He made his debut for the senior team under the management of his father, Klaus Sammer, in the 1985–86 season. Playing as a striker, he scored eight goals in his first season as Dynamo finished fifth in the DDR-Oberliga. After being moved to the left wing the following season by new manager Eduard Geyer, he eventually found his place in central midfield during the 1987–88 season.

In the 1988–89 season, Sammer was part of the Dynamo Dresden team which won the East German championship. The same season the club also reached the semi-final of the UEFA Cup where they were knocked out by West German club VfB Stuttgart. The following year Dynamo won the league and cup double, defending the DDR-Oberliga title and also winning the 1990 FDGB-Pokal.

VfB Stuttgart

In the summer of 1990, Sammer joined VfB Stuttgart of the Bundesliga. Sammer scored 11 times in his debut season as Stuttgart finished sixth in the Bundesliga. The following year Sammer scored nine goals, helping Stuttgart to become the first champions of the reunified Germany.

Internazionale

After two seasons at Stuttgart, Sammer joined Italian club Internazionale for the 1992–93 Serie A season. Though he was a success on the pitch, scoring four times in 11 appearances, including a goal against Juventus in the Derby d'Italia, Sammer failed to adapt to the Italian lifestyle and returned to Germany in January 1993.

Borussia Dortmund

In the winter break of the 1992–93 season, Sammer signed for Borussia Dortmund. He made 17 Bundesliga appearances in the second half of the season, scoring ten times.

The following season, Sammer was moved from midfield into the libero position by Dortmund coach Ottmar Hitzfeld. This move proved to be successful as Dortmund won back-to-back Bundesliga titles in 1994–95 and 1995–96, followed by the 1996–97 UEFA Champions League, with Sammer lifting the European Cup as captain after beating Juventus 3–1 in the final at Munich's Olympiastadion.

Soon after winning the Champions League, Sammer's career was cut short by injury. He made only three further Bundesliga appearances for Dortmund before suffering a serious knee injury which he failed to recover from and retired in 1998.

In addition to the two Bundesliga titles and one Champions League, Sammer also led Dortmund to two DFB-Supercups, in 1995 and 1996. Sammer himself was named German Footballer of the Year in both 1995 and 1996 and was named European Footballer of the Year in 1996, making him the first defender to win the Ballon d'Or since Franz Beckenbauer in 1976.

International career

Sammer (back row, third right) in 1986, with the East German football team

East Germany

Sammer represented the GDR at every age group. He was part of the East German squads which won the 1986 UEFA European Under-18 Football Championship and finished third at the 1987 FIFA World Youth Championship.

In November 1986, he made his debut for the full East Germany national football team in a UEFA Euro 1988 qualifier against France at Zentralstadion in Leipzig.

On 12 September 1990, Sammer captained East Germany in its final match. He scored both goals as the GDR beat Belgium 2–0 in Brussels.

Germany

Sammer in 1990

On 19 December 1990, Sammer debuted for the newly formed unified Germany national football team, which was mostly made up of the West Germany team that had won the 1990 FIFA World Cup. The match was played at his home stadium in Stuttgart and Germany ran out 4–0 winners against Switzerland.

Sammer was a member of the German squad for UEFA Euro 1992, where the team was beaten in the final by Denmark. He was also selected for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, as Germany was surprisingly knocked out by the underdog Bulgaria at the quarter final stage.

In UEFA Euro 1996, Sammer played in the libero role he had been converted to at Borussia Dortmund. He scored the opening goal in Germany's second group match against Russia and the winning goal against Croatia in the quarter-final. After Germany defeated the Czech Republic in the final, Sammer was named Player of the Tournament.

On 7 June 1997, Sammer played his final match for Germany in a 1998 FIFA World Cup qualifier against Ukraine in Kiev.

Coaching and management career

Borussia Dortmund

After retirement, Sammer became head coach of Borussia Dortmund on 1 July 2000. Sammer led Borussia Dortmund to another Bundesliga title in 2002. His team reached the 2001–02 UEFA Cup final the same year but lost 2–3 against Feyenoord. Sammer was sacked at the end of the 2003–04 season after Dortmund finished in sixth place.

VfB Stuttgart

Sammer returned to VfB Stuttgart as head coach for the 2004–05 season. Despite finishing one point off a Champions League qualifying position, Sammer left the club on 3 June 2005.

German Football Association

On 1 April 2006, he was appointed technical director of German Football Association (DFB), on a five-year contract. The position was new in the DFB at the time. It included responsibility for the national youth teams, focusing on young talents between the ages of eleven and eighteen, as well as incorporating the latest developments in sports science into the DFB's training theories. Sammer was also expected to work on a tactical system for all of Germany's national sides in close co-operation with national coach Joachim Löw.

Bayern Munich

On 2 July 2012, he took over as Sporting Director of Bayern Munich. As Sporting Director, he is a member of the management board responsible for the professional playing staff of the club. He replaced Christian Nerlinger.

As Sporting Director, Sammer orchestrated FC Bayern's first treble in club history by claiming the 2012–13 Bundesliga, the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League and the 2012–13 DFB-Pokal in record-setting fashion.

In spring 2016, he had a "minute circulatory disorder in the brain" and had to take a break from his work. During his recovery, he gained a new perspective on his work and family life and asked FC Bayern to release him from his position as sporting director which they granted.

Personal life

Sammer is married and has three children, Sarah, Marvin, and Leon. He lives in Munich, Germany.

Career statistics

Club

Club performance League Cup League Cup Continental Total
Season Club League Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
East Germany League FDGB-Pokal League Cup Europe Total
1985–86 Dynamo Dresden DDR-Oberliga 18 8 4 6 - - 6 2 28 16
1986–87 20 7 3 2 - - - - 23 9
1987–88 19 8 3 1 - - 2 0 24 9
1988–89 25 6 3 1 - - 10 0 38 7
1989–90 20 9 5 4 - - 2 0 27 13
Germany League DFB-Pokal DFB Ligapokal Europe Total
1990–91 VfB Stuttgart Bundesliga 30 11 3 1 - - - - 33 12
1991–92 33 9 3 1 - - 3 1 35 11
Italy League Coppa Italia League Cup Europe Total
1992–93 Internazionale Milano Serie A 11 4 1 0 - - - - 12 4
Germany League DFB-Pokal DFB Ligapokal Europe Total
1992–93 Borussia Dortmund Bundesliga 17 10 - - - - - - 17 10
1993–94 29 4 2 0 - - 8 0 39 4
1994–95 28 4 1 1 - - 7 0 36 5
1995–96 22 3 3 1 - - 6 0 31 4
1996–97 21 0 1 0 - - 5 0 27 0
1997–98 3 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 6 0
Country East Germany 102 38 18 14 - - 20 2 140 54
Germany 183 41 14 4 1 0 30 1 228 46
Italy 11 4
Total 296 83

International

East German national team statistics

East Germany national team
Year Apps Goals
1986 1 0
1987 0 0
1988 6 1
1989 11 2
1990 5 3
Total 23 6

German national team statistics

Germany national team
Year Apps Goals
1990 1 0
1991 3 0
1992 9 1
1993 6 0
1994 12 2
1995 6 2
1996 11 3
1997 3 0
Total 51 8

International goals

Goals for East Germany

Scores and results table. Germany's goal tally first:
# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 31 August 1988 Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark, Berlin, East Germany  Greece 1–0 1–0 Friendly
2. 6 September 1989 Laugardalsvöllur, Reykjavík, Iceland  Iceland 1–0 3–0 1990 FIFA World Cup qualifying
3. 8 October 1989 Stadion an der Gellertstraße, Karl-Marx-Stadt, East Germany  Soviet Union 2–1 2–1 1990 FIFA World Cup qualifying
4. 11 April 1990 Stadion an der Gellertstraße, Karl-Marx-Stadt, East Germany  Egypt 2–0 2–0 Friendly
5. 12 September 1990 Constant Vanden Stock Stadium, Brussels, Belgium  Belgium 1–0 2–0 Friendly
6. 12 September 1990 Constant Vanden Stock Stadium, Brussels, Belgium  Belgium 2–0 2–0 Friendly

Goals for Germany

# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 16 December 1992 Estádio Olímpico Monumental, Porto Alegre, Brazil  Brazil 1–2 1–3 Friendly
2. 2 June 1994 Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Vienna, Austria  Austria 1–0 5–1 Friendly
3. 8 June 1994 Varsity Stadium, Toronto, Canada  Canada 1–0 2–0 Friendly
4. 8 October 1995 Ulrich-Haberland-Stadion, Leverkusen, Germany  Moldova 3–0 6–1 UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying
5. 8 October 1995 Ulrich-Haberland-Stadion, Leverkusen, Germany  Moldova 6–0 6–1 UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying
6. 4 June 1996 Carl-Benz-Stadion, Mannheim, Germany  Liechtenstein 5–0 9–1 Friendly
7. 16 June 1996 Old Trafford, Manchester, England  Russia 1–0 3–0 UEFA Euro 1996
8. 23 June 1996 Old Trafford, Manchester, England  Croatia 2–1 2–1 UEFA Euro 1996

Coaching statistics

As of 30 January 2014
Team From To Record
G W D L Win % Ref.
Borussia Dortmund 1 July 2000 30 June 2004 7002183000000000000♠183 7001890000000000000♠89 7001460000000000000♠46 7001480000000000000♠48 07001486300000000000♠48.63
VfB Stuttgart 1 July 2004 3 June 2005 7001470000000000000♠47 7001250000000000000♠25 7000800000000000000♠8 7001140000000000000♠14 07001531900000000000♠53.19
Total 7002230000000000000♠230 7002114000000000000♠114 7001540000000000000♠54 7001620000000000000♠62 07001495700000000000♠49.57

Honours

Player

Club

Dynamo Dresden
  • DDR-Oberliga: 1988–89, 1989–90
  • FDGB-Pokal: 1989–90
VfB Stuttgart
  • Bundesliga: 1991–92
Borussia Dortmund
  • Bundesliga: 1994–95, 1995–96
  • DFB-Supercup: 1995, 1996
  • UEFA Champions League: 1996–97

International

Germany
  • UEFA European Championship: 1996; Runner-up: 1992
  • U.S. Cup: 1993

Individual

  • ESM Team of the Year: 1994–95
  • German Footballer of the Year: 1995, 1996
  • UEFA European Championship Player of the Tournament: 1996
  • UEFA European Championship Team of the Tournament: 1996
  • Onze de Bronze: 1996
  • Ballon d'Or: 1996
  • World Soccer: The 100 Greatest Footballers of All Time

Manager

Borussia Dortmund
  • Bundesliga: 2001–02
  • DFB-Ligapokal: Runner-up 2003
  • UEFA Cup: Runner-up 2002
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References
http://archivio.inter.it/cgi-bin/giocatori-scheda?codice=G0577&L=it
http://bundesligafanatic.com/news-sammer-replaces-nerlinger-at-bayern-munchen/
http://isni.org/isni/0000000012676164
http://sports.ndtv.com/euro-2012/players/legends/190742-euro-legends-matthias-sammer
http://www.fcbayern.de/en/news/news/2016/statement-sporting-director-matthias-sammer-240416.php
http://www.fcbayern.de/en/news/news/2016/press-release-matthias-sammer-leaves-fc-bayern.php
http://www.fcbayern.telekom.de/en/news/news/2012/35584.php
http://www.goal.com/en-india/news/477/euro-2012/2012/06/04/3145395/euro-1996-legends-matthias-sammer-germany
http://www.kicker.de/news/fussball/bundesliga/startseite/229542/artikel_matthias-sammer-wird-neuer-chef-coach.html
http://www.kicker.de/news/fussball/bundesliga/startseite/299619/artikel_perfekt_sammer-beerbt-magath.html
http://www.kicker.de/news/fussball/bundesliga/startseite/315934/artikel_vfb-trennt-sich-von-sammer.html
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