|Was||Philosopher Philosopher of science|
|From||United States of America|
|Birth||24 August 1923, Vineland, USA|
|Death||26 December 2010, West Orange, USA (aged 87 years)|
Matthew Lipman (August 24, 1923 in Vineland, New Jersey – December 26, 2010 in West Orange, New Jersey) is recognized as the founder of Philosophy for Children. His decision to bring philosophy to young people came from his experience as a professor at Columbia University, where he witnessed underdeveloped reasoning skills in his students. His interest was particularly on developing reasoning skills by teaching logic. The belief that children possess the ability to think abstractly from an early age, led him to the conviction that bringing logic to children's education earlier would help them to improve their reasoning skills.
In 1972 he left Columbia for Montclair State College to establish the Institute for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children (IAPC) where he began to take philosophy into K-12 classrooms in Montclair. That year he also published his first book specifically designed to help children practice philosophy, Harry Stottlemeier's Discovery. The IAPC continues to develop and publish curriculum, working internationally to advance and improve philosophy for children.
Lipman died, aged 87, in West Orange, New Jersey on December 26, 2010. Lipman's marriage to his first wife, New Jersey State Senator Wynona Lipman, ended with their divorce.
- Undergraduate study at Stanford University, California; Shrivenham American University, England; School of General Studies, Columbia University, New York.
- 1948 – B.S., Columbia University, General Studies.
- 1953 – Instructor in Philosophy, Brooklyn College, Spring.
- Graduate study at Columbia University; Sorbonne, Paris; University of Vienna, Austria.
- 1953 – Ph.D., Columbia University.
- 1953 to 1975 – Adjunct Assistant and Associate Professor, School of General Studies, Columbia University.
- 1954 to 1972 – Assistant, Associate and Professor of Philosophy, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Columbia University, (Also, Chairman, Department of General Education during this period).
- 1954 to 1962 – Lecturer in Philosophy and Contemporary Civilization, Columbia College, Columbia University.
- 1955 to 1963 – Lecturer in Contemporary Civilization, Mannes College of Music, New York City.
- 1960 to 1972 – Chairman, Philosophy Department, Evening Division, Baruch School, City College of New York.
- 1961 to 1963 – Lecturer in Contemporary Civilization, College of Engineering, Columbia University.
- 1962 to 1972 – Chairman, Department of General Education, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Columbia University.
- 1963 to 1964 – Visiting Professor of Philosophy, Sarah Lawrence College.
- 1972 to 2001 – Professor of Philosophy, Montclair State College / University.
- 1974 to 2001 – Director, Institute for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children, Montclair State College / University.