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Matilda of Béthune

Matilda of Béthune

Countess consort of Flanders
The basics
Quick Facts
Gender female
Birth January 1, 1220
Death November 8, 1263
Family
Father: Robert VIILord of Béthune
Spouse: GuyCount of Flanders
Children: Robert IIICount of FlandersMargaret of FlandersDuchess of BrabantPhilip of ChietiBeatrice of FlandersJohn of FlandersWilliam of Dendermonde
The details
Biography

Matilda of Béthune (died 8 November 1263), was countess consort of Flanders by marriage to Guy, Count of Flanders, and heir to the titles Lady of Béthune, of Dendermonde, of Richebourg and of Warneton, as well as Advocatess of the Abbey of Saint Vaast at Arras. She was the mother of Robert, Count of Flanders, known as Robert of Béthune after his mother.

Life

Matilda, also referred to as Mathilde or Mahaut, was born about 1230, the first child of Robert VII, Lord of the castle and town of Béthune and Advocate of the Abbey of St. Vaast at Arras, who was a major landowner and one of the twelve peers of Flanders. Her mother was Elizabeth, widow of Nicholas I, Lord of Condé, and daughter of Arnold IV, last Lord of Morialmé (fr). Robert and Elizabeth had two further daughters, Elizabeth and Sarah.

Countess

About the age of 16, Matilda was engaged to Guy of Dampierre, who was made co-ruler of Flanders by his widowed mother Margaret II, Countess of Flanders alongside her and his elder brother William III of Dampierre, who died in 1251. In recognition of this important match for his eldest daughter, Robert of Béthune endowed her with the major part of his lands and titles.

In October 1245, she still under age and unmarried, he made her heir to the ancient lands of his ancestors outside Béthune, the Pays de l'Alleu (fr) in which he held power of life and death. The marriage contract was signed on 2 February 1246 and the wedding then took place in Béthune. 0n 24 June 1248 Robert and Elizabeth wrote a letter to Guy and Matilda confirming that the two would inherit his lands and titles, which happened shortly after when news reached France of Robert's death.

Matilda then became Lady of Béthune, of Dendermonde, of Richebourg and of Warneton, as well as Advocatess of the Abbey of Saint Vaast at Arras. By marriage, Guy called himself Lord of these holdings and Advocate, which he was doing by October 1249.

Death and legacy

Matilda died on 8 November 1264 and was buried in a tomb of black marble in the Chapel of Saint Hubert within the abbey church of Flines-lez-Raches, her husband being placed beside her later. He remarried in 1265 and had eight more children.

Matilda's descendants, who include popes, cardinals and bishops in the church and emperors, kings, and princes in civil life, are found throughout Europe's royal and noble houses. For example, she was 10th great-grandmother of Mary, Queen of Scots and 22nd great-grandmother of Diana, Princess of Wales.

Issue

In their 15 years together, she and Guy had eight children:

  • Mary (d. 1297) married:
    1. in 1266 William of Jülich (d. 16 March 1278), son of William IV, Count of Jülich. Their son William of Jülich, known as William the Younger, died in 1304 in the Battle of Mons-en-Pévèle.
    2. in 1285 Simon II of Châteauvillain (d. 28 June 1305), Lord of Arc-en-Barrois and Brémur-et-Vaurois, with whom she had eight children.
  • Robert III (1249–1322), who succeeded as Count of Flanders.
  • William (after 1249 – 1311), Lord of Dendermonde and Richebourg, married in 1286 Alice, daughter of Ralph of Clermont and had children.
  • John (1250 – 4 October 1290), was made Bishop of Metz and then Bishop of Liège.
  • Baldwin (1252–1296).
  • Margaret (c. 1253 – 3 July 1285), married in 1273 John I, Duke of Brabant and had four children, including John II, Duke of Brabant.
  • Beatrice (c. 1260 – 5 April 1291), married c. 1270 Floris V, Count of Holland and was the mother of John I, Count of Holland.
  • Philip (c. 1263 – November 1318), Count of Teano, married:
    1. in 1284 Matilda (d. 1303),Countess of Chieti, daughter of Ralph of Courtenay, Count of Teano and Loreto.
    2. c. 1305 Petronella (d. c. 1335), daughter of Geoffrey of Milly, who had three children.
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