K.H. Masjkur (EISS : Masykur, 15 December 1917 ‒ 25 December 1994 at the age of 77 years) was the Minister of Religion Indonesia in the years 1947–1949 and 1953–1955. He was also a member of House of Representatives of Indonesia in 1956–1971 and a member of Supreme Advisory Council in 1968.
Prominent involvement in the struggle for independence in the days of the Japanese occupation, as a member of the Board of Inquiry Efforts Preparation of Indonesian Independence. Masjkur also noted as the founder of Homeland Defenders (map) – who later became an army of the people and the military — throughout Java. When the battle 10 November 1945, his name appears as the leader of Barisan Sabilillah.