Mary Lindemann (born 1949) is an American historian, Professor of History and Chair of the History Department at the University of Miami. She is a leading expert on the history of early modern Europe, the history of Germany and the history of medicine, especially early modern German, Dutch, and Flemish history. She is co-editor-in-chief of the journal Early Modern Women: An Interdisciplinary Journal, and is President-elect of the German Studies Association for the year 2017. She received her Ph.D. in History from the University of Cincinnati in 1980, and has been Professor of History at the University of Miami since 2004. She was a Fellow-in-Residence at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study 2002–2003, was affiliated with the Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine 2007–2008, was a Fellow-In-Residence at the Flemish Academic Centre for Science and the Arts in Brussels in 2011 and a Senior Research Fellow of the State of Lower Saxony at the Herzog August Library 2014–2016. Her first book Patriots and Paupers: Hamburg, 1712–1830 was honoured as an "Outstanding Academic Title" by Choice. She received the William H. Welch Medal in 1998. She received an NEH fellowship for 1997–1998 and a Guggenheim Fellowship for 1998–1999.
- Patriots and Paupers: Hamburg, 1712–1830, Oxford University Press, 1990
- Health and Healing in Eighteenth-Century Germany, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996
- Medicine and Society in Early Modern Europe, Cambridge University Press, 1999
- Liaisons dangereuses: Sex, Law, and Diplomacy in the Age of Frederick the Great, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006
- The Merchant Republics: Amsterdam, Antwerp, and Hamburg, 1648–1790, Cambridge University Press, 2015