|Intro||German professor, arabist and islamic studies scholar|
|Was||Professor Arabist Islamic studies scholar|
|Type||Academia Religion Social science|
|Birth||9 December 1851, Wrocław, People's Republic of Poland|
|Death||5 December 1918, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (aged 67 years)|
Martin Hartmann (9 December 1851, Breslau – 5 December 1918, Berlin) was a German orientalist, who specialized in Islamic studies.
In 1875, he received his doctorate at the University of Leipzig as a student of Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer. From 1876 to 1887 he served as a dragoman at the German General Consulate in Beirut. From 1887 until his death in 1918 he taught classes at the Department of Oriental Languages in Berlin.
As a professor in Berlin he strove hard for the recognition of Islamic studies as an independent discipline. His numerous contributions to the field of Islamic studies were based on a sociological standpoint. Many of these works were published in the journal "Die Welt des Islams" (The World of Islam), a publication of the "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Islamkunde", an organization that Hartmann was a co-founder of in 1912.
- Hartmann, M. (1883). "Die Ortschaftenliste des Liwa Jerusalem in dem türkischen Staatskalender für Syrien auf das Jahr 1288 der Flucht (1871)". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 6: 102–149.
- Metrum und Rhythmus : die Entstehung der arabischen Vermasse, 1896.
- Lieder der libyschen Wüste, 1899.
- "The Arabic press of Egypt", published in English in 1899.
- Der islamische Orient; Berichte und Forschungen (3 volumes, 1905–10).
- Chinesisch-Turkestan; geschichte, verwaltung, geistesleben, und wirtschaft, 1907.
- Der Islam : geschichte--glaube--recht : ein handbuch, 1909.
- Islam, Mission, Politik, 1911.
- Zur Geschichte des Islam in China, 1921.