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Marinus II
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Pope
A.K.A. Pope Marinus II
Is Cleric Priest
From Italy
Type Religion
Gender male
Birth Rome, Italy
Death May 946, Rome, Italy
Marinus II
The details

Biography

Pope Marinus II (/məˈrnəs/; or Martin III; died May 946) was Pope from 30 October 942 to his death in 946.

Pontificate

Marinus was born in Rome, and prior to becoming pope he was attached to the Church of Saint Cyriacus in the Baths of Diocletian. He was said to have encountered St. Ulrich on his visit to Rome in 909, and reportedly predicted Ulrich's eventual appointment as Bishop of Augsburg.

Marinus was elevated to the papacy on 30 October 942 through intervention of Alberic II of Spoleto, Prince of the Romans. He concentrated on administrative aspects of the papacy, and sought to reform both the secular and regular clergy. He extended the appointment of Frederick, Archbishop of Mainz as Papal Vicar and Missus dominicus throughout Germany and Francia. Marinus later intervened when the Bishop of Capua seized without authorization a church which had been given to the local Benedictine monks. In fact, throughout his pontificate, Marinus favoured various monasteries, issuing a number of Papal bulls in their favour.

Marinus occupied the palace built by Pope John VII atop the Palatine Hill in the ruins of the Domus Gaiana. He died in May 946 and was succeeded by Agapetus II.

Marinus/Martinus error

Because of the similarity of the names Marinus and Martinus, Popes Marinus I and Marinus II were, in some sources, mistakenly given the name Martinus (and were then listed respectively as Martinus II and Martinus III). Thus, when the new Pope in 1281 took the name Martin, he became Pope Martin IV, when in fact he should have taken the name Martin II.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 11 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0942-0946-_Marinus_II.html
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Pope_Marinus_II
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Marinus_(popes)
https://d-nb.info/gnd/100953018
http://isni.org/isni/0000000107188526
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2007019942
https://viaf.org/viaf/75844123
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/75844123
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