|Birth||April 14, 1818 (Hildburghausen)|
|Death||January 9, 1907 (Gmunden)|
Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, VA (Alexandrina Mary Wilhelmina Catherine Charlotte Theresa Henrietta Louise Pauline Elizabeth Frederica Georgina; German: Alexandrine Marie Wilhelmine Katharine Charlotte Theresia Henriette Luise Pauline Elisabeth Friederike Georgine; 14 April 1818 – 9 January 1907) was Queen of Hanover and the consort of George V, a grandson of George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte.
Marie was born at Hildburghausen, as Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen, the eldest daughter of Joseph, the Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen and Duchess Amelia of Württemberg. In 1826, the family moved to Altenburg as a result of a transfer of territories among the various branches of the Ernestine Wettins, and Marie took the title Princess of Saxe-Altenburg in place of the previous.
Marie married, on 18 February 1843, at Hanover, George, The Crown Prince of Hanover. They had three children - Prince Ernest Augustus, Princess Frederica, and Princess Marie.
Queen of Hanover
The Crown Prince and Princess became King and Queen of Hanover upon the death of his father, Ernest Augustus I of Hanover, on 18 November 1851. Her husband was expelled from his kingdom in 1866 as a result of his support for Austria in the Austro-Prussian War, and on 20 September 1866, the Kingdom was annexed by Prussia. Nevertheless, George never abdicated; he, Marie and their children lived in exile at Gmunden, in Austria, until George's death in 1878.
On 18 September 1872, Queen Marie was godmother to Queen Victoria's granddaughter, Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein. Princess Marie Louise was the youngest daughter of Princess Helena (Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein); Queen Victoria & Prince Albert's third daughter and fifth child.
Queen Marie died, some twenty-eight years after her husband, on 9 January 1907, at Gmunden, where she was later buried.
Titles, style, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 14 April 1818 – 12 November 1826: Her Highness Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen
- 12 November 1826 – 18 February 1843: Her Highness Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
- 18 February 1843 – 18 November 1851: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Hanover
- In Britain: 18 February 1843 – 18 November 1851: Her Royal Highness Princess George of Cumberland
- 18 November 1851 – 9 January 1907: Her Majesty The Queen of Hanover
- In Britain: 18 November 1851 – 12 June 1878: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale
- In Britain: 12 June 1878 - 9 January 1907: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale
!Name!!Birth!!Death!!Notes |- |Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover||21 September 1845||14 November 1923||Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick; born at Hanover, married Princess Thyra of Denmark; had issue |- |Princess Frederica of Hanover||9 January 1848||16 October 1926||born at Hanover, died at Biarritz; married Litubert, Baron von Pawel-Rammingen; had issue |- |Princess Marie of Hanover||3 December 1849||4 June 1904||Marie Ernestine Josephine Adolphine Henrietta Theresa Elizabeth Alexandrina; born at Hanover, died unmarried at Gmunden |}
|Ancestors of Marie of Saxe-Altenburg|