|Intro||Leader in deaf community|
|From||United States of America|
|Birth||20 April 1953, Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA|
|Death||24 September 1997, Jamaica Plain, Boston, Suffolk County, USA (aged 44 years)|
Marie Jean Philip (April 20, 1953 – September 24, 1997) was a leader in both the American and international Deaf community. She advocated for the right to a natural sign language for Deaf people. Marie was one of the original researchers studying ASL and Deaf Culture. She was active in establishing American Sign Language (ASL) as a recognized language in the colleges of Massachusetts in the early 1980s. Later, Marie was the Bilingual-Bicultural Coordinator at The Learning Center for the Deaf in Framingham, Massachusetts.
Early life and education
Marie Jean Philip was born on April 20, 1953 at Worcester, Massachusetts. She was the daughter of two deaf parents, John and Doris Philip. When they realized Marie was deaf, they sent her to Clarke School for the Deaf, but she was rejected by the program because she signed. Her parents then sent her to the American School for the Deaf, where she flourished.
Marie was the oldest of three, her two sisters Sue and Joan were also deaf and both attended the American School for the Deaf with her. She was very close to her family and the Deaf Community in Worcester, MA. After graduating at American School for the Deaf (ASD), Marie attended Gallaudet University in 1969. Her junior year, she decided she wanted to try an exchange program with Oberlin, a hearing school. She received a lot of criticism from her peers, who did not understand why she would want to attend a hearing school. Her response was that she grew up in a deaf world, and wanted to see what things were like for the hearing. Once she got there, she interacted with hearing people who were just learning to sign, which changed her view on hearing people. When she returned for senior year, she realized she did not want to be a Psychologist any longer, as it was too emotionally draining for her.
She took a break from college. Marie moved to Florida to find a job during her break from college. After five months, her parents told her to come back home, where she fortunately found a job as an ASL research assistant at Northeastern University which sparked her crusade as an advocate for ASL as a real language. She then went back to school at Northeastern University to receive her bachelor of science degree in Linguistics and minor in Cultural Anthropology. Marie was pursuing her goal of a master's degree in Deaf Education, leading to a PhD, at Boston University, when she died.
In 1974, Marie moved to Florida to find a job during her break from college. She worked at a McDonald's, cleaned hotels, and delivered news papers to make money. After five months, her parents told her to come back home in Massachusetts. Marie fortunately got job offered by Harlan Lane as an ASL research assistant at Northeastern University which sparked her crusade as an advocate for ASL as a real language. Marie Philip worked at Northeastern from 1974 to 1987 as ASL researcher/teacher and later became the Coordinator of Interpreter Services at the university The Learning Center for Deaf Children contacted Marie and wondered if she would be willing to go to their school and try a Bilingual-Bicultural approach with the young deaf children. Marie took a leave of absence from Northeastern University in 1985. Later, Marie left Northeastern University & became the full-time Bilingual-Bicultural Coordinator at The Learning Center for the Deaf (TLC) in 1987.
Philip was a pioneer in the Bilingual-Bicultural (Bi-Bi) movement. She took a job with The Learning Center for Deaf Children in Framingham in 1985, moving up to the position of Bilingual Bicultural Coordinator in 1987.
Philip traveled to many countries during her career, including Canada, El Salvador, England, France, Italy, and Japan. She also took on many speaking engagements due to her research and experience. Marie was influential in establishing the Massachusetts Commission for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing in 1985." Marie was also taught ASL at Harvard University before the program was deleted due to funding money ran out. Marie never wanted to be famous, and although she had an international reputation, she never forgot her roots. She felt most comfortable at the Worcester Deaf Club chatting with the ‘real’ people, as she would refer to her friends and neighbors.
Philip also worked as a freelance interpreter in settings that ranged from local to international.
While at The Learning Center, Philip developed a reputation as the children's favorite storyteller. Her facial expressions and language skills filled stories with excitement, laughter, terror, and happiness. The staff loved to watch her stories, too. Her niece Jessica and nephew Jonah were especially fortunate, as they enjoyed her storytelling both at home and at school.
Marie Philip died on September 24, 1997, of a pulmonary embolism.
Northeastern University created the National Marie Jean Philip ASL Poetry, ASL Storytelling and Deaf Art Competition in 1997.
The Learning Center named their new Elementary School the Marie Jean Philip Elementary Building in May 2002. On April 8, 2015, The Learning Center for the Deaf announced that beginning September 1, 2015, the PreK-12th grade program would be named the Marie Philip School. An icon within the Deaf community, Marie Jean Philip was a pioneer in the bilingual-bicultural movement, and a legendary advocate for the education of Deaf children around the world. Here at home, Marie was a beloved teacher, advisor, mentor, mediator, counselor, and friend. Identifying the PreK-12 program as the Marie Philip School gives the school a unique identity.
"Marie was one of the most instrumental deaf people in the world," said Michael Bello, executive director of the Learning Center for Deaf Children in Framingham, a school where Philip pioneered many programs.
- Marie Philip School
- National Marie Jean Philip ASL Poetry, ASL Storytelling and Deaf Art competition, at Northeastern University
- Marie Philip Award, Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf
- Marie Jean Philip Elementary School Building
- Hand Book: American Sign Language: 1 (1980)
- Supplementary Materials for American Sign Language II (1978)
- Bilingual Bicultural program development at the Learning Center for Deaf Children
- "Cross-Cultural Comparisons: American Deaf culture & American Majority Culture" Videotape (1993)