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Maria Osten

Maria Osten

Soviet writer
Maria Osten
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Soviet writer
A.K.A. Maria Greßhöner
Was Journalist Writer Children's writer
From Germany
Type Journalism Literature
Gender female
Birth 20 March 1908, Muckum, Germany
Death 16 September 1942, Saratov, Russia (aged 34 years)
Star sign PiscesPisces
Politics Communist Party of Germany
Family
Spouse: Wieland HerzfeldYevgeni Chervyakov
The details

Biography

Maria Osten was a German and Soviet journalist. She was born on March 20, 1908 in Lemgo, Germany, but grew up in East Prussia. She took a pen name, Osten (German for "East") to indicate her pro-Soviet sympathies.

Osten was born Maria Emilie Alwine Gresshöner in Muckum bei Bünde, Westphalia, Germany, the daughter of Anna Maria (Pohlmann) and Heinrich Gresshöner. Maria Osten was most famous for her 1935 book Hubert in Wonderland ("Губерт в стране чудес" - Russian) and the events surrounding its publication in the Soviet Union. The story is about a 12-year-old boy who is the son of German Communist from the Saar region of Germany. The boy is adopted by a Soviet journalist for Pravda, Mikhail Koltsov, and his partner, the German journalist Maria Osten, who took the boy in 1935 to the Soviet Union. The boy's arrival in the Soviet Union was a very highly publicized event at the time, as it was a demonstration of the cooperation of fellow Communists to save a young boy from having to grow up in Nazi Germany. The boy was toured all around the country and he was even taken to visit Marshals Mikhail Tukhachevsky and Semyon Budyonny in the Kremlin.

The family's fate, however, changed, when Joseph Stalin began to purge the party ranks. Koltsov was arrested in December 1938 following a denunciation filed in by André Marty and executed about a year later, and the book disappeared from circulation. Hubert then refused to recognize his adoptive parents and told his adoptive mother to leave him. In 1941, Maria Osten was arrested in the hotel Balchug, and never heard from again. (In fact, Maria Osten was executed in Saratov prison on September 16, 1942).

Hubert was deported to the Kazakh SSR, where he became a shepherd. He was arrested in 1946 and freed only in 1955, two years after Stalin's death. Hubert tried to return to Germany, but never succeeded, dying in 1959 in a hospital in Simferopol after a poorly performed operation for appendicitis.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/osten-maria-1908-1942
//tools.wmflabs.org/ftl/cgi-bin/ftl?st=&su=Osten,+Maria,+1908-1942?
//tools.wmflabs.org/ftl/cgi-bin/ftl?st=&su=Osten,+Maria,+1908-1942?&library=0CHOOSE0
//tools.wmflabs.org/ftl/cgi-bin/ftl?at=&au=Osten,+Maria,+1908-1942?
//tools.wmflabs.org/ftl/cgi-bin/ftl?at=&au=Osten,+Maria,+1908-1942?&library=0CHOOSE0
https://d-nb.info/gnd/120535831
http://isni.org/isni/0000000034008650
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n99006425
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p241021855
https://viaf.org/viaf/60870533
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/60870533
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