|Birth||June 29, 1482 (Córdoba, Córdoba Province, Andalusia, Spain)|
|Death||March 7, 1517 (Lisbon, Lisbon District, Portugal)|
Maria of Aragon (29 June 1482 – 7 March 1517) was a Spanish infanta, and queen consort of Portugal as the second spouse of Portuguese King Manuel I.
She was born at Córdoba on 29 June 1482 as the third surviving daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (the Catholic monarchs). She was the fourth of their five surviving children, and had a stillborn twin sister named Anna.
As an infanta of Spain, her hand in marriage was very important in European politics; before her marriage to Manuel I of Portugal, her parents entertained the idea of marrying her off to King James IV of Scotland. This was at a time when her younger sister Catherine's marriage to Arthur, Prince of Wales, was being planned. Ferdinand and Isabella thought if Maria was Queen of Scotland, the two sisters could keep the peace between their husbands. These plans, however, came to nothing. Her eldest sister Isabella, Princess of Asturias, was the first wife of Manuel I, but her death in 1498 created a necessity for Manuel to remarry; Maria became the next bride of the Portuguese king, reaffirming dynastic links with Spanish royal houses.
Manuel and Maria were married in Alcácer do Sal on 30 October 1500, and was granted Viseu and Torres Vedras as her dower. She had 10 children, eight of whom reached adulthood, including King John III of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress Isabella, and Beatrice, Duchess of Savoy.
Queen Maria became known as a fervent Catholic. She supported king Manuel's religious-imperial project, including the plan to conquer the Mamluk's realm, destroy Mecca and Medina and reconquer Christian holy places such as Jerusalem. She co-founded the Jeronimos Monastery in Lisbon.
Maria died in Lisbon on 7 March 1517, and was buried at the Jerónimos Monastery of Belém. She died as a result of her last pregnancy.
In 1580, the dynastic links from the marriage led to a succession crisis in Portugal that made Philip II of Spain king of Portugal as Philip I of Portugal.
|Ancestors of Maria of Aragon|
Her marriage with Manuel produced the following children:
|King John III||6 June 1502||11 June 1557||succeeded Manuel as King of Portugal. Had issue.|
|Infanta Isabella||24 October 1503||1 May 1539||married Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Had issue.|
|Infanta Beatrice||31 December 1504||8 January 1538||married Charles III, Duke of Savoy. Had issue.|
|Infante Luis, Duke of Beja||3 March 1506||27 November 1555||Unmarried but had illegitimate descendants, one of them being Antonio, Prior of Crato, a claimant of the throne of Portugal in 1580 (See: Struggle for the throne of Portugal).|
|Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Guarda||5 June 1507||7 November 1534||Married Guiomar Coutinho, Countess of Marialva. No surviving issue.|
|Infante Afonso||23 April 1509||21 April 1540||Cardinal of the Kingdom.|
|King Henrique||31 January 1512||31 January 1580||Cardinal of the Kingdom who succeeded his grandnephew King Sebastian (Manuel's great-grandson) as 17th King of Portugal. His death triggered the struggle for the throne of Portugal.|
|Infanta Maria||3 February 1513||Died at birth.|
|Infante Duarte, Duke of Guimarães||7 October 1515||20 September 1540||Duke of Guimarães and great-grandfather of John IV of Portugal. Married Isabella of Braganza, daughter of Jaime, Duke of Braganza.|
|Infante Antonio||9 September 1516||Died at birth.|
Her widowed husband remarried yet once more, in 1518, also this time from her family: Maria's niece Eleanor of Austria.