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Maria Anna of Bavaria

Maria Anna of Bavaria

Austrian archduchess
Maria Anna of Bavaria
The basics

Quick Facts

The details

Biography

Maria Anna of Bavaria (21 March 1551, Munich – 29 April 1608, Graz) was a politically active Archduchess of Austria by marriage to Archduke Charles II of Austria. She played an important role in the counter reformation in Austria.

Life

Maria Anna was the daughter of Albert V, Duke of Bavaria and Anna of Austria. She was given an elementary education in Latin and religion, but a high education in music, likely by Orlando di Lasso.

On 26 August 1571 in Vienna, Maria Anna married her maternal uncle, Charles II of Austria. The marriage was arranged to give Charles political support from Bavaria, and Bavaria an agent in Vienna.

The relation between Maria Anna and Charles are described as good. Maria Anna was described as confident, ambitious and a great lover of pomp and power, but foremost as a devoted Catholic. She participated in the affairs of state, and successfully benefited a powerful counter reformation in the domains of her spouse. She continued her education in music, benefited the Jesuit school in Graz, and spent her time in religious worship and religious charity.

Maria Anna was widowed in 1590. She continued to participate in politics as the adviser of her son and encouraged him to continue the counter reformation and work against the Protestant clergy and nobility.

In 1608, she retired to the Nunnery of St Clare in Graz.

Her correspondence is partially preserved.

Issue

  • Ferdinand (b. Judenburg, 15 July 1572 – d. Judenburg, 3 August 1572).
  • Anne (b. Graz, 16 August 1573 – d. Warsaw, 10 February 1598), married on 31 May 1592 to Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Sweden.
  • Maria Christina (b. Graz, 10 November 1574 – d. Hall in Tirol, 6 April 1621), married on 6 August 1595 to Sigismund Bathory, Prince of Transylvania; they divorced in 1599.
  • Catherine Renata (b. Graz, 4 January 1576 – d. Graz, 29 June 1599).
  • Elisabeth (b. Graz, 13 March 1577 – d. Graz, 29 January 1586).
  • Ferdinand (b. Graz, 9 July 1578 – d. Vienna, 15 February 1637), Holy Roman Emperor as Ferdinand II in 1619.
  • Charles (b. Graz, 17 July 1579 – d. Graz, 17 May 1580).
  • Gregoria Maximiliana (b. Graz, 22 March 1581 – d. Graz, 20 September 1597).
  • Eleanor (b. Graz, 25 September 1582 – d. Hall in Tirol, 28 January 1620), a nun.
  • Maximilian Ernest (b. Graz, 17 November 1583 – d. Graz, 18 February 1616), Teutonic Knight.
  • Margaret (b. Graz, 25 December 1584 – d. El Escorial 3 October 1611), married on 18 April 1599 to Philip III, King of Spain.
  • Leopold (b. Graz, 9 October 1586 – d. Schwaz, 13 September 1632), Archduke of Further Austria and Count of Tirol.
  • Constance (b. Graz, 24 December 1588 – d. Warsaw, 10 July 1631), married on 11 December 1605 to Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Sweden (widower of her older sister).
  • Maria Magdalena (b. Graz, 7 October 1589 – d. Padua, 1 November 1631), married on 19 October 1608 Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
  • Charles the Posthumous (b. Graz, 7 August 1590 – d. Madrid, 28 December 1624), Bishop of Wroclaw and Brixen (1608–24), Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (1618–24).

Ancestry

16. Albert III, Duke of Bavaria
16. Albert III, Duke of Bavaria
8. Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria
17. Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Einbeck
4. William IV, Duke of Bavaria
18. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
9. Kunigunde of Austria
19. Eleanor of Portugal
2. Albert V, Duke of Bavaria
20. Christopher I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
10. Philip I, Margrave of Baden-Sponheim
21. Ottilie von Katzenelnbogen
5. Marie of Baden-Sponheim
22. Philip, Elector Palatine
11. Elisabeth of the Palatinate
23. Margaret of Bavaria
1. Maria Anna of Bavaria
24. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
12. Philip I of Castile
25. Mary of Burgundy
6. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
26. Ferdinand II of Aragon
13. Joanna of Castile
27. Isabella I of Castile
3. Archduchess Anna of Austria
28. Casimir IV Jagiellon
14. Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary
29. Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria
7. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
30. Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale
15. Anna of Foix-Candale
31. Infanta Catherine of Navarre
16. Albert III, Duke of Bavaria
8. Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria
17. Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Einbeck
4. William IV, Duke of Bavaria
18. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
9. Kunigunde of Austria
19. Eleanor of Portugal
2. Albert V, Duke of Bavaria
20. Christopher I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
10. Philip I, Margrave of Baden-Sponheim
21. Ottilie von Katzenelnbogen
5. Marie of Baden-Sponheim
22. Philip, Elector Palatine
11. Elisabeth of the Palatinate
23. Margaret of Bavaria
1. Maria Anna of Bavaria
24. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
12. Philip I of Castile
25. Mary of Burgundy
6. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
26. Ferdinand II of Aragon
13. Joanna of Castile
27. Isabella I of Castile
3. Archduchess Anna of Austria
28. Casimir IV Jagiellon
14. Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary
29. Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria
7. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
30. Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale
15. Anna of Foix-Candale
31. Infanta Catherine of Navarre
8. Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria
17. Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Einbeck
4. William IV, Duke of Bavaria
18. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
9. Kunigunde of Austria
19. Eleanor of Portugal
2. Albert V, Duke of Bavaria
20. Christopher I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
10. Philip I, Margrave of Baden-Sponheim
21. Ottilie von Katzenelnbogen
5. Marie of Baden-Sponheim
22. Philip, Elector Palatine
11. Elisabeth of the Palatinate
23. Margaret of Bavaria
1. Maria Anna of Bavaria
24. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
12. Philip I of Castile
25. Mary of Burgundy
6. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
26. Ferdinand II of Aragon
13. Joanna of Castile
27. Isabella I of Castile
3. Archduchess Anna of Austria
28. Casimir IV Jagiellon
14. Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary
29. Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria
7. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
30. Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale
15. Anna of Foix-Candale
31. Infanta Catherine of Navarre
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://roglo.eu/roglo?lang=en;i=2849890
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016233/images/index.html?seite=176
https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/ppn118647571.html
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/de:BLK%C3%96:Habsburg,_Anna_von_Oesterreich_(1528%E2%80%931587)
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016338/images/index.html?seite=386
https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/ppn119548763.html
https://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/204416
https://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/107009
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016233/images/index.html?seite=317
https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/ppn133664473.html
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016233/images/index.html?seite=175
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