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Maria Amalia of Courland

Maria Amalia of Courland

Princess of Courland by birth, and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Princess of Courland by birth, and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel
A.K.A. Maria Anna Amalia von Kurland
Gender female
Birth June 12, 1653 (Jelgava, Latvia)
Death June 16, 1711 (Weilmünster, Limburg-Weilburg, Giessen Government Region, Hesse)
Mother: Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg
Father: Jacob Kettler
Siblings: Frederick Casimir KettlerFerdinand KettlerAlexander of Courland
Spouse: Charles ILandgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Children: Frederick I of SwedenWilliam VIIILandgrave of Hesse-KasselLandgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-KasselGeorge Charles of Hesse-KasselSophie Charlotte of Hesse-KasselMaximilian of Hesse-Kassel
The details

Maria Anna Amalia of Courland (12 June 1653, Mitau – 16 June 1711, Weilmünster) was a German noblewoman. A princess of Courland from the Ketteler family, she was also Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel via her marriage on 21 May 1673 to her first cousin Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. She was the child of Jacob Kettler and Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg, eldest daughter of George William, Elector of Brandenburg.


Amalia was a daughter of the Duke Jacob of Courland (1610–1662) from his marriage to Louise Charlotte (1617–1676), eldest daughter of the Elector George William of Brandenburg.

On 21 May 1673, she married in Kassel her first cousin Landgrave Charles I of Hesse-Kassel (1654–1730). Amalia had previously been engaged with Charles older brother, William VII, but he died during his grand tour at the young age of 19 years.

The Landgravine participated in the creation of Karlsaue Park in Kassel. The marmor fountain in the park contains a medallion by the influential Roman sculptor Pierre Etienne Monnot (1657–1733) depicting Maria Amalia.

She was described as modest, affable and pious.

She and her son Maximilian acquired Sensenstein Castle in 1699.

She died in 1711 and was buried in the Martinskirche, Kassel.

The village of Mariendorf in Immenhausen district was named after her.


  • William (1674–1676)
  • Charles (1675–1677)
  • Frederick (1676–1751), Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, King of Sweden
  • Christian (1677-1677)
  • Sophie Charlotte (1678–1749)
  • Charles (1680–1702)
  • William VIII (1682–1760), Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • Leopold (1684–1704)
  • Louis (1686–1706)
  • Marie Luise (1688–1765)
  • Maximilian (1689–1753)
  • George Charles (1691–1755)
  • Eleanor (1694-1694)
  • Wilhelmine Charlotte (1695–1722)


References and sources

Maria Amalia of Courland
Born: 12 June 1653 Died: 16 June 1711
Title last held by
Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg
Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel
21 May 1673–16 June 1711
Title next held by
Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden
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