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Margaret I, Countess of Flanders

Margaret I, Countess of Flanders

Countess suo jure of flanders
The basics
About
Occupations Politician
A.K.A. Marguerite d'Alsace, Margherita I di Fiandra
Gender female
Birth 1145
Death November 15, 1194 (Bruges, Arrondissement of Bruges, West Flanders, Flemish Region)
Family
Mother: Sibylla of Anjou
Father: Thierry, Count of Flanders
Siblings: Philip ICount of FlandersPieter van VlaanderenMatthew of AlsaceGertrude of FlandersCountess of SavoyLaurette of Flanders
Spouse: Baldwin V, Count of HainautRalph II, Count of Vermandois
Children: Isabella of HainaultBaldwin I, Latin EmperorYolanda of FlandersPhilip I of NamurHenry of Flanders
The details
Biography

Margaret I of Flanders (circa 1145 - died 15 November 1194) was ruling countess of Flanders suo jure from 1191 to her death. She was the daughter of Thierry, Count of Flanders, and Sibylla of Anjou, and the heiress of her childless brother, Philip of Flanders.

Life

In 1160 she married Ralph II, Count of Vermandois. Due to his leprosy, the marriage could not be consummated and remained childless. He died of leprosy in 1167 without issue.

In 1169 she married Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut, her third cousin once removed.

In 1191, her brother, the count of Flanders, died childless, and she as his heir claimed the county of Flanders with the support of her spouse. Her claims was questioned by the king of France who, with support of Ghent, declared Flanders escheated to the crown due to the lack of male heirs, a problem that was not solved until the Treaty of Arras by the mediation of the archbishop of Riems. They met some unrest among the nobility of the area, foremost by her brother's widow, who was given a large dower lands in the coastal and Southern Flanders where she provoked considerable unrest by high taxation.

The right of Margaret and her husband to the County of Flanders was not finally acknowledged until 1 March 1192. As was the custom at the time when women became rulers, her spouse was made her co-ruler.

As countess, she objected to all foreign legal independence in her lands, and accordingly, she prevented the Hanse merchants living in Bruges from acquiring a separate quarter and rights for themselves in the port of Damme.

Margaret died on 15 November 1194; as her husband had become count of Flanders only by marriage, he could not remain sole count, and Margaret was succeeded by their son.

Issue

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References
https://books.google.se/books?id=_Jq1CgAAQBAJ&pg=PT517&dq=Margaret+I,+Countess+of+Flanders+1194&hl=sv&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiE_LTXnsvXAhXBYlAKHf6vC4IQ6AEISjAF#v=onepage&q=Margaret%20I,%20Countess%20of%20Flanders%201194&f=false
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